Development of multi-use platforms at sea: Barriers to realising Blue Growth

S.W.K. van den Burg*, Maximilian Felix Schupp, Daniel Depellegrin, Andrea Barbanti, Sandy Kerr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The recent H2020 Blue Growth projects MARIBE and MUSES investigated the potential of a variety of different combinations of economic activities in co-location or integrated in multi-use platforms. Both projects identified barriers - including regulatory, financing, liability and insurance issues; environmental concerns; stakeholder perceptions; and lack of appropriate skills – that hamper the development of multi-use platforms. The H2020 MARIBE project concluded that further funding for multi-use demonstrations should be provided to increase investor confidence and bring multi-use through the so-called Valley of Death. The H2020 MUSES project concluded that multi-use needs to be proactively facilitated and incentivised through public regulatory bodies and respective support programmes. This paper combines and analyses results from both projects in order to identify key research gaps and actions required for the continued development of multi-use platforms, based on a structured critical review of available peer-reviewed literature on the topic as well as reports of both the MUSES and MARIBE projects. Research gaps and actions are analysed based on a multi-use platform typology to inform developers, policy makers, academia and investors for future development of multi-use at sea.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107983
JournalOcean Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • Aquaculture
  • Barriers
  • Blue growth
  • Multi-use platforms
  • Offshore energy
  • Typology

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