Development of a welfare assessment protocol for dairy calves from birth through to weaning

J. Barry, E. Kennedy, R. Sayers, I.J.M. De Boer, E.A.M. Bokkers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a welfare assessment protocol using different indicators, for pre-weaned dairy calves, that is feasible and time efficient. To this end, the protocol had to combine animal-based indicators (measurements on physiology, general appearance and behaviour) providing the basis for welfare assessment, with resource-based indicators (measurements on management and the environment) providing the basis for identifying risk factors. Indicators, both animal- and resource-based, were selected by a review of existing literature and a process of expert consultation. Following the formulation phase, the protocol was then applied on five Irish dairy farms to develop further for completeness and on-farm feasibility. After each on-farm application, the protocol was critically evaluated, and modifications were made accordingly. Upon completion of the on-farm application phase, a feasible, reliable and time-efficient protocol was produced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-344
Number of pages14
JournalAnimal Welfare
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Fingerprint

dairy calves
Dairies
Weaning
Farms
weaning
Parturition
farms
Animals
dairy farming
animals
Physiology
risk factors
physiology
Referral and Consultation

Keywords

  • Animal welfare
  • Behaviour
  • Dairy calves
  • Health
  • Housing
  • Management

Cite this

@article{8397486d83bb47d4bc8af442ccb4906b,
title = "Development of a welfare assessment protocol for dairy calves from birth through to weaning",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to develop a welfare assessment protocol using different indicators, for pre-weaned dairy calves, that is feasible and time efficient. To this end, the protocol had to combine animal-based indicators (measurements on physiology, general appearance and behaviour) providing the basis for welfare assessment, with resource-based indicators (measurements on management and the environment) providing the basis for identifying risk factors. Indicators, both animal- and resource-based, were selected by a review of existing literature and a process of expert consultation. Following the formulation phase, the protocol was then applied on five Irish dairy farms to develop further for completeness and on-farm feasibility. After each on-farm application, the protocol was critically evaluated, and modifications were made accordingly. Upon completion of the on-farm application phase, a feasible, reliable and time-efficient protocol was produced.",
keywords = "Animal welfare, Behaviour, Dairy calves, Health, Housing, Management",
author = "J. Barry and E. Kennedy and R. Sayers and {De Boer}, I.J.M. and E.A.M. Bokkers",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
doi = "10.7120/09627286.28.3.331",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "331--344",
journal = "Animal Welfare",
issn = "0962-7286",
publisher = "Universities Federation for Animal Welfare",
number = "3",

}

Development of a welfare assessment protocol for dairy calves from birth through to weaning. / Barry, J.; Kennedy, E.; Sayers, R.; De Boer, I.J.M.; Bokkers, E.A.M.

In: Animal Welfare, Vol. 28, No. 3, 08.2019, p. 331-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of a welfare assessment protocol for dairy calves from birth through to weaning

AU - Barry, J.

AU - Kennedy, E.

AU - Sayers, R.

AU - De Boer, I.J.M.

AU - Bokkers, E.A.M.

PY - 2019/8

Y1 - 2019/8

N2 - The aim of this study was to develop a welfare assessment protocol using different indicators, for pre-weaned dairy calves, that is feasible and time efficient. To this end, the protocol had to combine animal-based indicators (measurements on physiology, general appearance and behaviour) providing the basis for welfare assessment, with resource-based indicators (measurements on management and the environment) providing the basis for identifying risk factors. Indicators, both animal- and resource-based, were selected by a review of existing literature and a process of expert consultation. Following the formulation phase, the protocol was then applied on five Irish dairy farms to develop further for completeness and on-farm feasibility. After each on-farm application, the protocol was critically evaluated, and modifications were made accordingly. Upon completion of the on-farm application phase, a feasible, reliable and time-efficient protocol was produced.

AB - The aim of this study was to develop a welfare assessment protocol using different indicators, for pre-weaned dairy calves, that is feasible and time efficient. To this end, the protocol had to combine animal-based indicators (measurements on physiology, general appearance and behaviour) providing the basis for welfare assessment, with resource-based indicators (measurements on management and the environment) providing the basis for identifying risk factors. Indicators, both animal- and resource-based, were selected by a review of existing literature and a process of expert consultation. Following the formulation phase, the protocol was then applied on five Irish dairy farms to develop further for completeness and on-farm feasibility. After each on-farm application, the protocol was critically evaluated, and modifications were made accordingly. Upon completion of the on-farm application phase, a feasible, reliable and time-efficient protocol was produced.

KW - Animal welfare

KW - Behaviour

KW - Dairy calves

KW - Health

KW - Housing

KW - Management

U2 - 10.7120/09627286.28.3.331

DO - 10.7120/09627286.28.3.331

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 331

EP - 344

JO - Animal Welfare

JF - Animal Welfare

SN - 0962-7286

IS - 3

ER -