Development of a leafy Brassica rapa fixed line collection for genetic diversity and population structure analysis

W. Pang, X. Li, S.R. Choi, V. Dhandapani, S. Im, M.Y. Park, C.S. Jang, M.S. Yang, I.K. Ham, E.M. Lee, W. Kim, S.S. Lee, A.B. Bonnema, S. Park, Z. Piao, Y.P. Lim

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Abstract

Brassica rapa is an economically important crop with a wide range of morphologies. Developing a set of fixed lines and understanding their diversity has been challenging, but facilitates resource conservation. We investigated the genetic diversity and population structure of 238 fixed lines of leafy B. rapa with 45 new simple sequence repeat markers and 109 new NGS (next-generation sequencing)-generated single nucleotide polymorphism markers evenly distributed throughout the B. rapa genome. Phylogenetic analysis classified the vegetable fixed lines into four subgroups, with the three oil types forming a separate and relatively distant cluster. A model-based population structure analysis identified four subpopulations corresponding to geographical origins and morphological traits, and revealed extensive allelic admixture. In particular, the Chinese cabbage cluster was subdivided into three groups and showed considerable correlation with leaf- and heading-related traits (leaf and heading shape). The vegetable B. rapa fixed lines successfully developed in our study could be valuable materials for establishing a multinational Brassica rapa diversity resource. Understanding the genetic diversity and population structure could be useful for utilization of the representative genetic variation and further genomic analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalMolecular Breeding
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Keywords

  • genome sequencing project
  • microspore culture
  • linkage map
  • napus l.
  • microsatellite markers
  • repeat markers
  • construction
  • crop
  • association
  • centers

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