Development of a lactic acid production process using lignocellulosic biomass as feedstock

E.C. van der Pol

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

Abstract

The availability of crude oil is finite. Therefore, an alternative feedstock has to be found for the production of fuels and plastics. Lignocellulose is such an alternative feedstock. It is present in large quantities in agricultural waste material such as sugarcane bagasse.

In this PhD thesis, lignocellulose is chemically and enzymatically pretreated to depolymerise sugars present in this structure. The released sugar monomers are fermented by micro-organisms to lactic acid, which is a precursor for the bioplastic PLA. In this thesis, it is shown that it is possible to produce lactic acid from lignocellulosic biomass with high yields and high productivities.

Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Eggink, Gerrit, Promotor
  • Weusthuis, Ruud, Co-promotor
Award date18 Mar 2016
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789462576735
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2016

Fingerprint

lignocellulose
feedstocks
lactic acid
sugars
fuel production
agricultural wastes
sugarcane bagasse
biomass
plastics
microorganisms
oils
bioplastics

Keywords

  • lignocellulose
  • biomass
  • biobased chemicals
  • sugarcane bagasse
  • lactic acid
  • sugars
  • byproducts
  • inhibitors
  • pretreatment
  • bacillus coagulans
  • furfural
  • saccharification
  • fermentation
  • quantitative techniques
  • production processes

Cite this

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title = "Development of a lactic acid production process using lignocellulosic biomass as feedstock",
abstract = "The availability of crude oil is finite. Therefore, an alternative feedstock has to be found for the production of fuels and plastics. Lignocellulose is such an alternative feedstock. It is present in large quantities in agricultural waste material such as sugarcane bagasse. In this PhD thesis, lignocellulose is chemically and enzymatically pretreated to depolymerise sugars present in this structure. The released sugar monomers are fermented by micro-organisms to lactic acid, which is a precursor for the bioplastic PLA. In this thesis, it is shown that it is possible to produce lactic acid from lignocellulosic biomass with high yields and high productivities.",
keywords = "lignocellulose, biomass, biobased chemicals, sugarcane bagasse, lactic acid, sugars, byproducts, inhibitors, pretreatment, bacillus coagulans, furfural, saccharification, fermentation, quantitative techniques, production processes, lignocellulose, biomassa, chemicali{\"e}n uit biologische grondstoffen, suikerrietbagasse, melkzuur, suikers, bijproducten, remmers, voorbehandeling, bacillus coagulans, furfural, versuikering, fermentatie, kwantitatieve technieken, productieprocessen",
author = "{van der Pol}, E.C.",
note = "WU thesis 6302",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "18",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789462576735",
publisher = "s.n.",
school = "Wageningen University",

}

van der Pol, EC 2016, 'Development of a lactic acid production process using lignocellulosic biomass as feedstock', Wageningen University, Wageningen.

Development of a lactic acid production process using lignocellulosic biomass as feedstock. / van der Pol, E.C.

Wageningen : s.n., 2016. 167 p.

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

TY - THES

T1 - Development of a lactic acid production process using lignocellulosic biomass as feedstock

AU - van der Pol, E.C.

N1 - WU thesis 6302

PY - 2016/3/18

Y1 - 2016/3/18

N2 - The availability of crude oil is finite. Therefore, an alternative feedstock has to be found for the production of fuels and plastics. Lignocellulose is such an alternative feedstock. It is present in large quantities in agricultural waste material such as sugarcane bagasse. In this PhD thesis, lignocellulose is chemically and enzymatically pretreated to depolymerise sugars present in this structure. The released sugar monomers are fermented by micro-organisms to lactic acid, which is a precursor for the bioplastic PLA. In this thesis, it is shown that it is possible to produce lactic acid from lignocellulosic biomass with high yields and high productivities.

AB - The availability of crude oil is finite. Therefore, an alternative feedstock has to be found for the production of fuels and plastics. Lignocellulose is such an alternative feedstock. It is present in large quantities in agricultural waste material such as sugarcane bagasse. In this PhD thesis, lignocellulose is chemically and enzymatically pretreated to depolymerise sugars present in this structure. The released sugar monomers are fermented by micro-organisms to lactic acid, which is a precursor for the bioplastic PLA. In this thesis, it is shown that it is possible to produce lactic acid from lignocellulosic biomass with high yields and high productivities.

KW - lignocellulose

KW - biomass

KW - biobased chemicals

KW - sugarcane bagasse

KW - lactic acid

KW - sugars

KW - byproducts

KW - inhibitors

KW - pretreatment

KW - bacillus coagulans

KW - furfural

KW - saccharification

KW - fermentation

KW - quantitative techniques

KW - production processes

KW - lignocellulose

KW - biomassa

KW - chemicaliën uit biologische grondstoffen

KW - suikerrietbagasse

KW - melkzuur

KW - suikers

KW - bijproducten

KW - remmers

KW - voorbehandeling

KW - bacillus coagulans

KW - furfural

KW - versuikering

KW - fermentatie

KW - kwantitatieve technieken

KW - productieprocessen

M3 - internal PhD, WU

SN - 9789462576735

PB - s.n.

CY - Wageningen

ER -