Determination of perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) in drinking water from the Netherlands and Greece

Effrosyni Zafeiraki, Danae Costopoulou, Irene Vassiliadou, Leondios Leondiadis, Emmanouil Dassenakis, Wim Traag, Ron L.A.P. Hoogenboom, Stefan P.J. van Leeuwen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study 11 perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) were analysed in drinking tap water samples from the Netherlands (n = 37) and from Greece (n = 43) by applying LC-MS/MS and isotope dilution. PFASs concentrations above the limit of quantification, LOQ (0.6 ng/l) were detected in 20.9% of the samples from Greece. Total PFAS concentrations ranged between  8) were only rarely detected. In the drinking water samples from the eastern part of the Netherlands, where drinking water is sourced from groundwater reservoirs, no PFASs were detected. This demonstrates that exposure to PFASs through drinking water in the Netherlands is dependent on the source. Additionally, five samples of bottled water from each country were analysed in the current study, with all of them originating from ground wells. In these samples, all PFASs were below the LOQ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2048-2057
JournalFood Additives & Contaminants. Pt. A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • bottled water
  • drinking tap water
  • Greece
  • Netherlands
  • PFASs
  • surface water

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