Determination of Fumonisins B-1 and B-2 in Corn-Based Foods for Infants and Young Children by LC with Immunoaffinity Column Cleanup: Interlaboratory Validation Study

M. Solfrizzo, A. De Girolamo, L. Gambacorta, A. Visconti, J. Stroka, H.P. van Egmond

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    Abstract

    A liquid chromatographic method for the determination of fumonisins B-1 (FB1) and B-2 (FB2) in corn-based foods for infants and young children was subjected to an interlaboratory validation study involving 11 laboratories. Five blind duplicate sample pairs of each matrix were analyzed to establish the accuracy, repeatability, and reproducibility of the method. Mass fractions in the baby food samples ranged from 89.1 to 384.4 mu g/kg FB1 and from 22.5 to 73.6 mu g/kg FB2. The method involved a warm extraction with citrate phosphate buffer-methanol-acetonitrile (50 + 25 + 25, v/v/v), a cleanup through an immunoaffinity column, and an end-determination of fumonisins by LC after automated precolumn derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde reagent. RSDs for within-laboratory repeatability (RSDr) ranged from 6.8 to 23.5% for FB1 and 7.6 to 22.9% for FB2. RSDs for between-laboratory reproducibility (RSDR) ranged from 15.4 to 26.2% for FB1 and 21.6 to 36.3% for FB2. Mean FB1 recoveries from baby foods spiked at 100.0 and 250.0 mu g/kg were 89 and 96%, respectively; for FB2 spiked foods at 25.0 and 62.5 mu g/kg recoveries were 90 and 85%, respectively. HorRat values ranged from 0.8 to 1.2 for FB1, whereas for FB2 they ranged from 0.9 to 1.4 when calculated according to Horwitz, and from 1.0 to 1.7 when calculated according to Thompson, indicating an acceptable among-laboratory precision for all matrixes (HorRat values
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)900-908
    JournalJournal of AOAC International
    Volume94
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • extraction
    • performance
    • precision
    • products

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