Determinants of Non-Home-Prepared Food Consumption in Two Low-Income Areas in Nairobi

H. van 't Riet, A.P. den Hartog, D.A.P. Hooftman, D.W.J. Foeken, A.M. Mwangi, W.A. van Staveren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: Street foods are an important source of nutrients for poor urban residents. This study aimed to identify determinants of the proportion of daily energy provided by non-home-prepared foods. METHODS: A survey was conducted in a slum and a low- to middle-income area of Nairobi. The survey included 241 men and 254 women. Through a structured questionnaire, data on demographic and socioeconomic factors were collected and food intake was assessed with three standardized 24-hour recalls. A measure of socioeconomic status was constructed with principal component analysis. RESULTS: For women in the slum area, the presence of school-age children and distance to work were determinants of non-home-prepared food consumption, whereas employment status and distance to work were determinants for men in the slum area (P <0.05). Having their own income and, for those employed, employment status were determinants for women in the low- to middle-income area, whereas socioeconomic status was the determinant for the men (P <0.05). In the Slum area, most non-home-prepared foods were derived from street foods, whereas in the low- to middle-income area, both kiosks and street foods were important sources of non-home-prepared foods. CONCLUSION: In the determinants of non-home-prepared energy consumption, we discerned a pattern from rather basic determinants to determinants of a more complicated nature with increasing socioeconomic level of the groups. Furthemore, a shift from street foods to kiosks as the main source of non-home-prepared foods consumed appeared with increasing socioeconomic levels. (C) Elsevier Inc. 2003.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1012
Publication statusPublished - 2003


  • street foods
  • dietary-intake
  • policy


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