Detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms in virus genomes assembled from high-throughput sequencing data: large-scale performance testing of sequence analysis strategies

Johan Rollin, Rachelle Bester, Yves Brostaux, Kadriye Caglayan, Kris De Jonghe, Ales Eichmeier, Yoika Foucart, Annelies Haegeman, Igor Koloniuk, Petr Kominek, Hans Maree, Serkan Onder, Susana Posada Céspedes, Vahid Roumi, Dana Šafářová, Olivier Schumpp, Cigdem Ulubas Serce, Merike Sõmera, Lucie Tamisier, Eeva VainioRene A.A. van der Vlugt, Sebastien Massart*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Recent developments in high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies and bioinformatics have drastically changed research in virology, especially for virus discovery. Indeed, proper monitoring of the viral population requires information on the different isolates circulating in the studied area. For this purpose, HTS has greatly facilitated the sequencing of new genomes of detected viruses and their comparison. However, bioinformatics analyses allowing reconstruction of genome sequences and detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) can potentially create bias and has not been widely addressed so far. Therefore, more knowledge is required on the limitations of predicting SNPs based on HTS-generated sequence samples. To address this issue, we compared the ability of 14 plant virology laboratories, each employing a different bioinformatics pipeline, to detect 21 variants of pepino mosaic virus (PepMV) in three samples through large-scale performance testing (PT) using three artificially designed datasets. To evaluate the impact of bioinformatics analyses, they were divided into three key steps: reads pre-processing, virus-isolate identification, and variant calling. Each step was evaluated independently through an original, PT design including discussion and validation between participants at each step. Overall, this work underlines key parameters influencing SNPs detection and proposes recommendations for reliable variant calling for plant viruses. The identification of the closest reference, mapping parameters and manual validation of the detection were recognized as the most impactful analysis steps for the success of the SNPs detections. Strategies to improve the prediction of SNPs are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15816
JournalPeerJ
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Bioinformatic
  • Genomic
  • Plant
  • Variant
  • Virus

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