Designing self-sustaining early generation seed supply systems: the must-dos

Essegbemon Akpo, Hellen Opie, Chris O. Ojiewo, Haile Desmae, Geoffrey Muricho, Soul Midingoyi, Bonny Ntare, Amsalu Ayana Aga, Jane Ininda, Tom van Mourik, Boudy van Schagen, Patrick Okori

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


Shortages in the supply of quality early generation seed (EGS) of new and improved varieties, particularly of dryland cereals and legumes is a major challenge because of the business models.This triggers the following questions: what EGS business models would sustainably avail quality parent seed? To investigate this, we documented 16 EGS interventions. We found that pre-securing seed market ahead of production played important role in the successful seed business. Taking different forms (e.g., pre-orders, demand forecasting, pre-aggregation of demand, joint planning,contractual agreement), it brings confidence to EGS producers to continuously invest in the business and make it profitable. For sustainable EGS production and supply in sub-Saharan Africa, we advocate for marketassurance in advance. Two guiding principles are also suggested and four recommendationsformulated.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen University & Research
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Publication series

NameISSD Africa Policy Brief


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