Design of a Solar Greenhouse with energy Delivery by the Conversion of Near Infrared Radiation. Part 1. Optics and PV-Cells

P.J. Sonneveld, G.L.A.M. Swinkels, G.P.A. Bot

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    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper the design and development of a new type of greenhouse with an integrated filter for reflecting near infrared radiation (NIR) and a solar energy delivery system is described. Especially the optical parts as the spectral selective film, the properties of the circular reflector and the efficiencies of photo voltaic cells are studied. As a first measure, the spectral selective cover material, which prevents the entrance of NIR radiation, is investigated. It has to block up to 35% of the solar energy outside the greenhouse, which will reduce the needed cooling capacity. The second measure is the integration with a solar energy system. When the NIR reflecting coating is designed as a circular shaped reflector integrated in the greenhouse, the reflected solar energy of a PhotoVoltaic (PV) cell in the focus point delivers electric energy. With a ray tracing computer program the optimal geometry of the reflector was designed with respect to the collecting efficiency. The PV cells mounted in the focal point require cooling due to the high heat load of the concentrated radiation (geometric concentration factor of 30). The properties of different PV materials were investigated to find the optimal cell for this application. Cooled greenhouses are an important issue to cope with the combination of high global radiation and high outdoor temperatures. All parts are integrated in a 100m2 prototype greenhouse which will be applied for the proof of principle
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)47-54
    JournalActa Horticulturae
    Volume2008
    Issue number807
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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