Description and biology of two new egg parasitoid species (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) reared from eggs of Heliconiini butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) in Panama

Jozef B. Woelke*, Viktor N. Fursov, Alex V. Gumovsky, Marjolein De Rijk, Catalina Estrada, Patrick Verbaarschot, Martinus E. Huigens, Nina E. Fatouros

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Two new minute egg parasitoid wasp species belonging to the genus Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), T. chagres sp. nov. and T. soberania sp. nov., were found in a tropical lowland rainforest in Panama, Central America. In this paper, we describe, illustrate and discuss the biology and morphological and molecular characterization of the two new Trichogramma wasp species. Both species were collected from eggs of passion vine butterflies, Agraulis vanillae vanillae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) and unidentified Heliconiini species, laid on different Passiflora species (Malpighiales: Passifloraceae). A female T. soberania sp. nov. wasp was observed on the wings of a female Heliconius hecale melicerta butterfly caught in the wild. This suggests that this species may occasionally be phoretic on adult female butterflies to find suitable host eggs. Our study adds two more species identifications to the scarce record of Trichogramma wasps from the widespread Heliconiini butterflies in Central America.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-657
JournalJournal of Natural History
Volume53
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2019

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egg parasitoid
Trichogrammatidae
Nymphalidae
Panama
butterfly
butterflies
Trichogramma
Hymenoptera
Lepidoptera
egg
Biological Sciences
wasp
Central America
Agraulis vanillae
new species
Malpighiales
Heliconius
Passifloraceae
Passiflora
vines

Cite this

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title = "Description and biology of two new egg parasitoid species (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) reared from eggs of Heliconiini butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) in Panama",
abstract = "Two new minute egg parasitoid wasp species belonging to the genus Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), T. chagres sp. nov. and T. soberania sp. nov., were found in a tropical lowland rainforest in Panama, Central America. In this paper, we describe, illustrate and discuss the biology and morphological and molecular characterization of the two new Trichogramma wasp species. Both species were collected from eggs of passion vine butterflies, Agraulis vanillae vanillae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) and unidentified Heliconiini species, laid on different Passiflora species (Malpighiales: Passifloraceae). A female T. soberania sp. nov. wasp was observed on the wings of a female Heliconius hecale melicerta butterfly caught in the wild. This suggests that this species may occasionally be phoretic on adult female butterflies to find suitable host eggs. Our study adds two more species identifications to the scarce record of Trichogramma wasps from the widespread Heliconiini butterflies in Central America.",
author = "Woelke, {Jozef B.} and Fursov, {Viktor N.} and Gumovsky, {Alex V.} and {De Rijk}, Marjolein and Catalina Estrada and Patrick Verbaarschot and Huigens, {Martinus E.} and Fatouros, {Nina E.}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1080/00222933.2019.1606360",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "639--657",
journal = "Journal of Natural History",
issn = "0022-2933",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
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T1 - Description and biology of two new egg parasitoid species (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) reared from eggs of Heliconiini butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) in Panama

AU - Woelke, Jozef B.

AU - Fursov, Viktor N.

AU - Gumovsky, Alex V.

AU - De Rijk, Marjolein

AU - Estrada, Catalina

AU - Verbaarschot, Patrick

AU - Huigens, Martinus E.

AU - Fatouros, Nina E.

PY - 2019/5/8

Y1 - 2019/5/8

N2 - Two new minute egg parasitoid wasp species belonging to the genus Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), T. chagres sp. nov. and T. soberania sp. nov., were found in a tropical lowland rainforest in Panama, Central America. In this paper, we describe, illustrate and discuss the biology and morphological and molecular characterization of the two new Trichogramma wasp species. Both species were collected from eggs of passion vine butterflies, Agraulis vanillae vanillae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) and unidentified Heliconiini species, laid on different Passiflora species (Malpighiales: Passifloraceae). A female T. soberania sp. nov. wasp was observed on the wings of a female Heliconius hecale melicerta butterfly caught in the wild. This suggests that this species may occasionally be phoretic on adult female butterflies to find suitable host eggs. Our study adds two more species identifications to the scarce record of Trichogramma wasps from the widespread Heliconiini butterflies in Central America.

AB - Two new minute egg parasitoid wasp species belonging to the genus Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), T. chagres sp. nov. and T. soberania sp. nov., were found in a tropical lowland rainforest in Panama, Central America. In this paper, we describe, illustrate and discuss the biology and morphological and molecular characterization of the two new Trichogramma wasp species. Both species were collected from eggs of passion vine butterflies, Agraulis vanillae vanillae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) and unidentified Heliconiini species, laid on different Passiflora species (Malpighiales: Passifloraceae). A female T. soberania sp. nov. wasp was observed on the wings of a female Heliconius hecale melicerta butterfly caught in the wild. This suggests that this species may occasionally be phoretic on adult female butterflies to find suitable host eggs. Our study adds two more species identifications to the scarce record of Trichogramma wasps from the widespread Heliconiini butterflies in Central America.

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DO - 10.1080/00222933.2019.1606360

M3 - Article

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JF - Journal of Natural History

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IS - 11-12

ER -