Deploying ecosystem services to develop sustainable energy landscapes: a case study from the Netherlands

Paolo Picchi, S.J.E. Verzandvoort, Davide Geneletti, C.M.A. Hendriks, S. Stremke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - The transition to a low carbon future is an emerging challenge and requires the planning and designing of sustainable energy landscapes – landscapes that provide renewable energy while safeguarding the supply of other ecosystem services. The aim of this paper is to present the application of an ecosystem services trade-off assessment in the development of sustainable energy landscapes for long-term strategic planning in a case study in Schouwen-Duivenland, The Netherlands.
Design/methodology/approach - The application consists in three activities: in (1) stakeholder mapping hot spots of ecosystem services and renewable energy technologies in a workshop, (2) landscape design principles being discussed by a focus group, (3) experts gathering the information and proceeding with an assessment of the potential synergies and trade-offs.
Findings - The case study indicates that (1) deploying the ecosystem services framework in planning and design can enhance the development of sustainable energy landscapes, (2) diversified and accurate spatial reference systems advance the trade-off analysis of both regulating and cultural ecosystem services and (3) the involvement of local stakeholders can advance the trade-off analysis and, ultimately, facilitates the transition to a low-carbon future with sustainable energy landscapes.
Originality/value - The originality of this research lies in the creation of an approach for the deployment of ecosystem services in the planning and design of energy transition. This is useful to advance energy transition by enhancing research methods, by providing methods useful for planners and designers and by supporting communities pursuing energy self-sufficiency in a sustainable manner
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-437
JournalSmart and Sustainable Built Environment
Issue number3
Early online date13 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2022


  • Renewable energy
  • Community
  • Participation
  • Landscape design
  • Spatial planning
  • Energy landscape


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