Deoxynivalenol increases pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion and reduces primary bile acid transport in an inflamed intestinal in vitro co-culture model

Jingxuan Wang*, Wouter Bakker, Laura de Haan, Hans Bouwmeester

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The fungal secondary metabolite deoxynivalenol (DON) that can contaminate cereal-based food products not only induces inflammation but also reduces bile acid absorption by a healthy human intestine. Bile acid malabsorption is commonly observed in individuals with an inflamed intestine. Here we studied the effects of DON on inflammation and primary bile acid transport using an in vitro model for an inflamed intestine. An inflamed intestinal in vitro model was established by co-culturing a Caco-2 cell-layer and LPS-pre-stimulated THP-1 macrophages in Transwells. We observed a decreased transport of 5 primary bile acids across inflamed co-cultures compared to healthy co-cultures but not of chenodeoxycholic acid. DON exposure further reduced the transport of the affected primary bile acids across the inflamed co-cultures. DON exposure also enhanced the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the inflamed co-cultures, while it did not increase the pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion from LPS-pre-stimulated THP-1 monocultures. Exposure of Caco-2 cell-layers to pro-inflammatory cytokines or THP-1 conditioned media partly mimicked the DON-induced effects of the co-culture model. Local activation of intestinal immune cells reinforces the direct pro-inflammatory effects of DON on intestinal epithelial cells. This affects the bile acid intestinal kinetics in an inflamed intestine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113323
JournalFood Research International
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Keywords

  • Bile acid transport
  • Deoxynivalenol
  • In vitro co-cultures
  • Inflammation
  • Intestine
  • Primary bile acid

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