Denitrification-potential evaluation and nitrate-removal-pathway analysis of aerobic denitrifier strain Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus RAD-2

Dedong Kong, Wenbing Li, Yale Deng, Yunjie Ruan*, Guangsuo Chen, Jianhai Yu, Fucheng Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An aerobic denitrifier was isolated from a long-term poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3- hydroxyvalerate) PHBV-supported denitrification reactor that operated under alternate aerobic/anoxic conditions. The strain was identified as Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus RAD-2 based on 16S rRNA-sequence phylogenetic analysis. Morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and phylogenetic characteristics were analyzed with the API 20NE test. Strain RAD-2 showed efficient aerobic denitrification ability when using NO3 - -N or NO2 --N as its only nitrogen source, while heterotrophic nitrification was not detected. The average NO3 --N and NO2 --N removal rates were 6.47 mg/(L·h)and 6.32 mg/(L·h), respectively. Single-factor experiments indicated that a 5:10 C/N ratio, 25-40 °C temperature, and 100-150 rpm rotation speed were the optimal conditions for aerobic denitrification. Furthermore, the denitrifying gene napA had the highest expression on a transcriptional level, followed by the denitrifying genes nirS and nosZ. The norB gene was found to have significantly low expression during the experiment. Overall, great aerobic denitrification ability makes the RAD-2 strain a potential alternative in enhancing nitrate management for marine recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1298
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Aerobic denitrification
  • Denitrifying gene expression
  • Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus RAD-2
  • Nitrogen removal
  • Wastewater treatment

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