This paper evaluates the extent to which the introduction of four new regional planning and land policy instruments in the Netherlands improves the delivery of regional planning objectives. On the basis of case-study research, we identify why and to what extent the Dutch regional authorities—the provinces—have adopted these new instruments and assess whether or not the instruments offer opportunities for improving the delivery of regional planning objectives. The study shows that regional policies and plans are often implemented without consideration of their consequences for national or local planning objectives. As a result, the instruments may not address current policy delivery needs, and may even compound local policy failures. We conclude that the use of such instruments should be accompanied by a more thorough discussion of regional planning tasks and objectives, and a debate on the role of regional authorities within the multilevel governance setting.
van Straalen, F. M., Janssen-Jansen, L. B., & van den Brink, A. (2014). Delivering planning objectives through regional-based land-use planning and land policy instruments: an assessment of recent experiences in the Dutch provincies. Environment and Planning C. Government and Policy, 32(3), 567-584. https://doi.org/10.1068/c1277