Delineation of a scab resistance gene cluster on linkage group 2 of apple

V.G.M. Bus, W.E. van de Weg, C.E. Durel, C. Gessler, L. Parisi, E.H.A. Rikkerink, S.E. Gardiner, E.J. Meulenbroek, F. Calenge, A. Patocchi, F.N.D. Laurens

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    With the advent of genetic maps for apple that carry common transferable markers, it is possible to investigate genomic relationships between genes present in different accessions. Co-dominant markers, such as microsatellites, are particularly useful for this purpose. In recent years, genetic markers have been developed for a number of resistance genes for apple scab (Venturia inaequalis). In this paper, we present the discovery of a new scab resistance gene (Vh8) that maps to linkage group 2 (LG2). We then bring together the findings from different research groups on other scab resistance genes that also map to LG2 in an attempt to delineate their arrangement. These other genes comprise major genes (Vh2, Vr, Vbj and Vr2), as well as several race specific quantitative trait loci (QTLs) from `Discovery¿ and `TN10-8¿. Results indicate that Vh2 and Vr are probably identical, and that Vh2/Vr, Vh8, Vbj and at least one of the QTLs are closely linked to each other on the lower half of LG2. A putative map of this gene cluster is presented. The fourth major gene, Vr2, maps at a significant distance from this gene cluster at the top end of LG2. We discuss the consequences of resistance gene cluster arrangements on breeding strategies for durable resistance to apple scab and the use of marker-assisted selection
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)57-62
    JournalActa Horticulturae
    Volume663
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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