DECONSTRUCTING A MOLECULAR SWITCH; STRUCTURE-FUNCTION ANALYSIS OF THE CC-NB-LRR PROTEINS RX1 AND GPA2 Erik Slootweg1, Laurentiu Spiridon2, Octav Caldararu2, Wladimir Tameling3, Rikus Pomp1, Jan Roosien1, Jaap Bakker1, Geert Smant1, Matthieu Joosten3, Andrei-Jose Petrescu2, Aska Goverse1 1 Laboratory of Nematology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands 2 Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands 3 Institute of Biochemistry of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania Many plant and animal immune receptors have a modular nucleotide-binding-leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR) architecture in which a nucleotide-binding switch domain, NB-ARC, is tethered to a coiled coil (CC) and a LRR sensor domain. The cooperation between the CC, switch and sensor domains, which regulates the activation of these proteins, is poorly understood. Through targeted mutagenesis, interaction studies and structural modelling we attempt to investigate the way the domains of the potato resistance proteins Rx1 or Gpa2 work together. We demonstrated that the correct cooperation between the CC-NB-ARC and the LRR is focussed on a region in the ARC2 subdomain of the NB-ARC and the N-terminal repeats of the LRR. A mismatch leads either to autoactivation or loss-of-function. Complementary charged surface patches in the ARC2 and LRR are key determinants of the physical interaction between the domains, but do not appear to be involved in signalling. Furthermore alanine-substitution of specific aromatic residues in the CC domain shows that distinct surfaces are required for the interaction of the CC with the NB-ARC-LRR or with the protein RanGAP2. The CC domain of Rx1 consists of 4 helices and mutagenesis of the hydrophobic residues required for their interaction revealed that distinct parts of the CC are involved in either the cell death or PVX resistance signaling by Rx1. Currently we try to characterise how the binding of RanGAP2 and the recognition of specific elicitors affects these interdomain interactions and subcellular localisation of the resistance protein in the cell.
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||XVI International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Rhodes, Greece - |
Duration: 6 Jul 2014 → 10 Jul 2014
|Conference||XVI International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, Rhodes, Greece|
|Period||6/07/14 → 10/07/14|