Dealing with uncertainty in the real-time knowledge discovery process

M. Wachowicz, G. Hunter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper will examine where uncertainty may lie in the knowledge discovery process through the use of case studies in disaster management, in turn leading to a discussion of what future action is required to address the uncertainty that may lie within knowledge obtained through these techniques. We describe our approach to address three types of issues: accuracy, efficiency, and usability. Typically, data mining techniques have higher false positive rates than traditional data exploratory methods, making them unusable in real-time systems. Also, these techniques tend to be inefficient (that is, computationally expensive) during the steps of a knowledge discovery process, particularly during training and evaluation. This prevents them from being able to process data and detect anomalies, hot-spots, or patterns in real-time applications. Finally, disaster management applications require large amount of training data and are significantly more complex than traditional GIS applications. These problems are inherent in developing and deploying any real-time data mining based system, and although there are trade-offs between these three groups of issues, each can generally be handled separately. The paper concludes by presenting the key design elements for supporting a real-time knowledge discovery process and group them into which general issues they address.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the First International Symposium on Geo-Information for Disaster Management, Delft, The Netherlands, 21-23 March 2005
EditorsP. van Oosterom, S. Zlatanova, E.M. Fendel
Place of PublicationBerlin
PublisherSpringer
Pages789-797
ISBN (Electronic)9783540274681
ISBN (Print)9783540249887
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventFirst International Symposium on Geo-Information for Disaster Management -
Duration: 21 Mar 200523 Mar 2005

Conference

ConferenceFirst International Symposium on Geo-Information for Disaster Management
Period21/03/0523/03/05

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