A general scarcity of timber in Western Europe stimulated forestry in the 18th century. Afforestation of the Sijsselt started in 1769 by planting of oak coppice and planting as well as sowing of Scots pines. Coppice growing was soon stopped but sowing of Scots pines was continued and succesful.
Induced by increasing coppice prices and the damage by the caterpillar Panolis flammea Schiff, afforestation with pine retreated to second place about 1850 in favour of oak coppice and beech. But economic conditions were altering: artificial tan was imported; as fuel wood was replaced by coal and oil and the mines asked for pitprops. Growing of oak coppice lost its importance after 1880 and the result was a changeover to pine. Since 1884 pine was sold to the mines. The variety of trees increased after 1900. Beech, red oak and false acacia were replanted.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Award date||23 May 1958|
|Place of Publication||Wageningen|
|Publication status||Published - 1958|
- agricultural history
- historical ecology