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Climate change has caused the soil temperature of the upper 100 cm to increase by an average of 1.5 ̊C over the past forty years and will continue to increase by 1.2°C over the next thirty years. The rate of increase is strongly determined by vegetation. For example, bare soil will warm much faster and more strongly than grass-covered soil. Thus, nature developers can influence soil temperature through vegetation, but the type of measure on will define the effect. An integrated understanding of temperature and water dynamics in the soil-crop-atmosphere system is urgently needed to better understand the risks of soil temperature elevation and to appropriately adapt cropping and nature development systems to these integrated climate effects.
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