De bevolkingskoffiecultuur op Sumatra : met een inleiding tot hare geschiedenis op Java en Sumatra

W.K. Huitema

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU


The history of government-owned coffee plantations formed three periods: under the Dutch East Indian Company and the Commissaries General, during the 'Cultuurstelsel' (Culture system), and after 1905. The history of indigenous coffee cultivation formed two periods: during the 'dwangstelsel' (forced-labour system) and since 'dwangstelsel'.
The present coffee areas, their climate and their relevant geomorphology, geology, pedology and plant-sociology were described. The native methods for Coffea robusta L. and Coffea arabica L. were each discussed. Agricultural problems deserving special attention were selection methods, shading, intensive measures (weeding, pruning, stumping, soil fertilization, green-manuring, wind protection, the control of Stephanoderes hampei which attacks beans, harvesting method, other bean constituents, seed inspection, and reforestation.

It was concluded that the native coffee growing was still in the beginning of its development. Although scientific research already started some decades earlier, many problems remained to be solved, also for the European enterprises. The management analyses made by the Division of Agricultural Economy in 1930 would be of great help in elucidating problems concerning indigenous plantations and in planning further improvements. Extension had to give further assistance.
Original languageDutch
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
  • van der Stok, J.E., Promotor, External person
Award date1 Feb 1935
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publication statusPublished - 1935
Externally publishedYes


  • coffea
  • coffee
  • indonesia
  • java
  • sumatra
  • netherlands east indies

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