This chapter describes the AgMIP approach to achieving data interoperability across multiple crop models, which consists of establishing an efficient standardized data-exchange mechanism with specifications defined in accordance with international standards; implementing a flexibly structured data schema to store experimental datasets; and providing consistent procedures for supplementing model-required inputs. Some of the challenges encountered with design of data interoperability protocols involve (1) the use of heterogeneous data from disparate sources, (2) uniformly supplying the required model assumptions where data are insufficient to parameterize the crop models, (3) supplying observed and supplemental data equivalently to multiple models each with different input formats, and (4) harmonizing model outputs for use in further analyses.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems|
|Editors||Daniel Hillel, Cynthia Rosenzweig|
|Publisher||Imperial College Press|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Name||ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation|
Porter, C. H., Villabolos, C., Holzworth, D., Nelson, R., White, J. W., Athanasiadis, I. N., ... Hargreaves, J. (2015). Data Interoperability Tools for Regional Integrated Assessments. In D. Hillel, & C. Rosenzweig (Eds.), Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems (pp. 147-171). (ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation; Vol. 1). Imperial College Press. https://doi.org/10.1142/9781783265640_0006