Objective: To examine dose-response associations between the intakes of total dairy, low-fat dairy, high-fat dairy, and different types of dairy products with hypertension risk by means of a meta- analysis of prospective cohort studies. Design and Method: A systematic literature search was conducted until November 2010, using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and hand search, to identify eligible studies. The generalized least squares for trend estimation method was used to calculate a relative risk for a certain unit of exposure. Random effects models were used to pool the data in forest plots. Between study heterogeneity was assessed via the I2 statistic. Ding’s Spaghetti plot was used to illustrate the direction of the association.
|Journal||Journal of Hypertension|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|