Daily cycle of Skewness and Kurtosis charateristics within and just above a crop canopy

A.F.G. Jacobs, B.J.H. van de Wiel, A.A.M. Holtslag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A measurement program is carried out within as well as above a maize crop canopy. Statistical characteristics are analyzed for the velocity components as well as for temperature for a clear weather day as well as a cloudy day. During daytime it appears that the above and within-canopy characteristics are dominated by sweeps, which means a positive u-skewness and a negative w-skewness. During daytime the within-canopy w-kurtosis is extremely high due to strong turbulence events of sweeps as well as ejections. During night-time, hot plumes released from the soil surface dominate the extremes, which results in a positive w-skewness, above as well as within the canopy. The temperature skewness is mostly positive within as well as above the canopy. After mid-day on the clear day with low wind conditions, however, the within-canopy skewness for temperature is negative nearly throughout the whole canopy due to sweeps from a relatively high and cool level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-84
JournalAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • plant canopy
  • turbulence
  • layer
  • forest
  • convection


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