D-Lactic Acid Production from Sugarcane Bagasse by Genetically Engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Warasirin Sornlek, Kittapong Sae-Tang, Akaraphol Watcharawipas, Sriwan Wongwisansri, Sutipa Tanapongpipat, Lily Eurwilaichtr, Verawat Champreda*, Weerawat Runguphan, Peter J. Schaap, Vitor A.P. Martins dos Santos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Lactic acid (LA) is a promising bio-based chemical that has broad applications in food, nutraceutical, and bioplastic industries. However, production of the D-form of LA (D-LA) from fermentative organisms is lacking. In this study, Saccharomyces cerevisiae harboring the D-lactate dehydrogenase (DLDH) gene from Leuconostoc mesenteroides was constructed (CEN.PK2_DLDH). To increase D-LA production, the CRISPR/Cas12a system was used for the deletion of gpd1, gpd2, and adh1 to minimize glycerol and ethanol production. Although an improved D-LA titer was observed for both CEN.PK2_DLDHΔgpd and CEN.PK2_DLDHΔgpdΔadh1, growth impairment was observed. To enhance the D-LA productivity, CEN.PK2_DLDHΔgpd was crossed with the weak acid-tolerant S. cerevisiae BCC39850. The isolated hybrid2 showed a maximum D-LA concentration of 23.41 ± 1.65 g/L, equivalent to the improvement in productivity and yield by 2.2 and 1.5 folds, respectively. The simultaneous saccharification and fermentation using alkaline pretreated sugarcane bagasse by the hybrid2 led to an improved D-LA conversion yield on both the washed solid and whole slurry (0.33 and 0.24 g/g glucan). Our findings show the exploitation of natural yeast diversity and the potential strategy of gene editing combined with conventional breeding on improving the performance of S. cerevisiae for the production of industrially potent products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number816
JournalJournal of Fungi
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2022


  • adh deletion
  • D-lactic acid
  • glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase genes
  • gpd deletion
  • hybrid yeast
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae


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