Current progress in trans- and cisgenic apple and strawberry Breeding

F.A. Krens, E.M.J. Salentijn, J. Schaart, H.J. Schouten, E. Jacobsen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A summary is presented of the state-of-the-art in apple and strawberry biotechnological research going on in the department of Plant Breeding at Wageningen University and Research Centre. In apple, the research directed towards the introduction of scab resistance by inserting a barley gene has reached the stage of a field trial where performance of transgenic lines could be tested in an orchard situation. The development of a marker-free system allowing the removal of undesired sequences when desired will lead to the generation of cisgenic apples carrying only newly introduced apple genes. Knocking out the major allergen in apple by RNAi technology has decreased the allergenic reaction in sensitive patients. In strawberry, progress was made in studying firmness and flavor using genetic modification and antisense technology and introducing resistance to Botrytis following an intragenic approach where a strawberry promoter is used to provide a new expression pattern of a strawberry gene.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationI International Symposium on Genetic Modifications - Challenges and Opportunities for Horticulture in the World, Ski, Norway
EditorsA.K. Hvoslef-Eide
Place of PublicationSki, Norway
PublisherISHS
Pages37-48
Volume941
ISBN (Print)9789066056541
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventI International Symposium on Genetic Modifications - Challenges and Opportunities for Horticulture in the World, Ski, Norway -
Duration: 16 Sept 200720 Sept 2007

Conference

ConferenceI International Symposium on Genetic Modifications - Challenges and Opportunities for Horticulture in the World, Ski, Norway
Period16/09/0720/09/07

Keywords

  • Allergenicity
  • Apple
  • Firmness
  • Genetic modification
  • Marker-free
  • Scab resistance
  • Strawberry

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