While Algeria is among the countries with the lowest renewable water resources per capita in the world, agriculture accounts for 70-80% of the total water use and municipal water use is expected to almost double in the next twenty years. As potato is in Algeria the main irrigated crop and the first vegetable crop in terms of area and production, improving the potato production system and rationalizing the use of water is key to sustain the production in the future and to maintain and enhance food safety. Coherent information of the current potato production system is crucial to improve a system and since this is lacking, we research what is the current situation for potato production in two main production areas of Algeria, in a Mediterranean and desert climate. Through interviews with farmers, other stakeholders and field visits in both areas the current systems are described, analysed on main weaknesses, followed by and advice regarding improvement and implementation of the subsequent project which will be a setup of a demonstration farm to introduce a more productive and sustainable system. It was found that the systems have many points for improvement regarding productivity and sustainability. That both regions have a lack of technology and accurate data of 1) the exact inputs applied, and 2) the exact requirements, especially regarding water supply, lies on the basis of most weaknesses, resulting in rough irrigation, fertilizer and pest management. The main recommendation is to elaborate research of the current system with productivity as focal point to make clear what are the economic advantages for a farmer to adapt the new system. Farmer Field Schools are proposed as a practical and hands-on management approach to implement suggested improvement practices and to introduce a new production system.
|Place of Publication||Wageningen|
|Publisher||Stichting Wageningen Research, Wageningen Plant Research, Business Unit Plant|
|Number of pages||52|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2017|
|Name||Report / WPR|
Houben, S., den Braber, H., Blom-Zandstra, M., & Anten, N. P. R. (2017). Current potato production in Algeria: an explorative research of the current potato production systems in two regions. (Report / WPR; No. 693). Stichting Wageningen Research, Wageningen Plant Research, Business Unit Plant. https://doi.org/10.18174/459592