Current and potential role of grain legumes on protein and micronutrient adequacy of the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children

using linear programming

Ilse de Jager*, Karin J. Borgonjen-van den Berg, Ken E. Giller, Inge D. Brouwer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Grain legumes are appreciated for their contribution to dietary protein and micronutrient intake in addition to their benefits in providing income and replenishing soil fertility. They offer potential benefits in developing countries where future food demand is increasing and both undernutrition and overweight co-exist. We studied the current and potential role of grain legumes on protein, both quantity and quality, and micronutrient adequacy in the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children. METHODS: Energy and nutrient (including amino acids) intakes of breastfed children of 6-8 months (n=97), 9-11 months (n=97), 12-23 months (n=114), and non-breastfed children of 12-23 months (n=29) from Karaga district in Northern Ghana were assessed using a repeated quantitative multi-pass 24-hour recall method. Food-based dietary guidelines that cover nutrient adequacy within the constraints of local current dietary patterns were designed using the linear programming software Optifood (version 4.0.9, Optifood

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalNutrition Journal
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2019

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Linear Programming
Micronutrients
Fabaceae
Diet
Food
Proteins
Nutrition Policy
Ghana
Dietary Proteins
Malnutrition
Developing Countries
Fertility
Soil
Software
Amino Acids

Keywords

  • essential amino acids
  • Grain legumes
  • infants and young children
  • micronutrients
  • nutrient adequacy
  • optimised diets
  • protein

Cite this

@article{24470ea963c349f4bb0eddfa4785181b,
title = "Current and potential role of grain legumes on protein and micronutrient adequacy of the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children: using linear programming",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Grain legumes are appreciated for their contribution to dietary protein and micronutrient intake in addition to their benefits in providing income and replenishing soil fertility. They offer potential benefits in developing countries where future food demand is increasing and both undernutrition and overweight co-exist. We studied the current and potential role of grain legumes on protein, both quantity and quality, and micronutrient adequacy in the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children. METHODS: Energy and nutrient (including amino acids) intakes of breastfed children of 6-8 months (n=97), 9-11 months (n=97), 12-23 months (n=114), and non-breastfed children of 12-23 months (n=29) from Karaga district in Northern Ghana were assessed using a repeated quantitative multi-pass 24-hour recall method. Food-based dietary guidelines that cover nutrient adequacy within the constraints of local current dietary patterns were designed using the linear programming software Optifood (version 4.0.9, Optifood",
keywords = "essential amino acids, Grain legumes, infants and young children, micronutrients, nutrient adequacy, optimised diets, protein",
author = "{de Jager}, Ilse and {Borgonjen-van den Berg}, {Karin J.} and Giller, {Ken E.} and Brouwer, {Inge D.}",
year = "2019",
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language = "English",
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journal = "Nutrition Journal",
issn = "1475-2891",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Current and potential role of grain legumes on protein and micronutrient adequacy of the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children

T2 - using linear programming

AU - de Jager, Ilse

AU - Borgonjen-van den Berg, Karin J.

AU - Giller, Ken E.

AU - Brouwer, Inge D.

PY - 2019/2/21

Y1 - 2019/2/21

N2 - BACKGROUND: Grain legumes are appreciated for their contribution to dietary protein and micronutrient intake in addition to their benefits in providing income and replenishing soil fertility. They offer potential benefits in developing countries where future food demand is increasing and both undernutrition and overweight co-exist. We studied the current and potential role of grain legumes on protein, both quantity and quality, and micronutrient adequacy in the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children. METHODS: Energy and nutrient (including amino acids) intakes of breastfed children of 6-8 months (n=97), 9-11 months (n=97), 12-23 months (n=114), and non-breastfed children of 12-23 months (n=29) from Karaga district in Northern Ghana were assessed using a repeated quantitative multi-pass 24-hour recall method. Food-based dietary guidelines that cover nutrient adequacy within the constraints of local current dietary patterns were designed using the linear programming software Optifood (version 4.0.9, Optifood

AB - BACKGROUND: Grain legumes are appreciated for their contribution to dietary protein and micronutrient intake in addition to their benefits in providing income and replenishing soil fertility. They offer potential benefits in developing countries where future food demand is increasing and both undernutrition and overweight co-exist. We studied the current and potential role of grain legumes on protein, both quantity and quality, and micronutrient adequacy in the diet of rural Ghanaian infants and young children. METHODS: Energy and nutrient (including amino acids) intakes of breastfed children of 6-8 months (n=97), 9-11 months (n=97), 12-23 months (n=114), and non-breastfed children of 12-23 months (n=29) from Karaga district in Northern Ghana were assessed using a repeated quantitative multi-pass 24-hour recall method. Food-based dietary guidelines that cover nutrient adequacy within the constraints of local current dietary patterns were designed using the linear programming software Optifood (version 4.0.9, Optifood

KW - essential amino acids

KW - Grain legumes

KW - infants and young children

KW - micronutrients

KW - nutrient adequacy

KW - optimised diets

KW - protein

U2 - 10.1186/s12937-019-0435-5

DO - 10.1186/s12937-019-0435-5

M3 - Article

VL - 18

JO - Nutrition Journal

JF - Nutrition Journal

SN - 1475-2891

IS - 1

ER -