Curation and analysis of a saccharomyces cerevisiae genome-scale metabolic model for predicting production of sensory impact molecules under enological conditions

William T. Scott, Eddy J. Smid, Richard A. Notebaart, David E. Block*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

One approach for elucidating strain-to-strain metabolic differences is the use of genome-scale metabolic models (GSMMs). To date GSMMs have not focused on the industrially important area of flavor production and, as such; do not cover all the pathways relevant to flavor formation in yeast. Moreover, current models for Saccharomyces cerevisiae generally focus on carbon-limited and/or aerobic systems, which is not pertinent to enological conditions. Here, we curate a GSMM (iWS902) to expand on the existing Ehrlich pathway and ester formation pathways central to aroma formation in industrial winemaking, in addition to the existing sulfur metabolism and medium-chain fatty acid (MCFA) pathways that also contribute to production of sensory impact molecules. After validating the model using experimental data, we predict key differences in metabolism for a strain (EC 1118) in two distinct growth conditions, including differences for aroma impact molecules such as acetic acid, tryptophol, and hydrogen sulfide. Additionally, we propose novel targets for metabolic engineering for aroma profile modifications employing flux variability analysis with the expanded GSMM. The model provides mechanistic insights into the key metabolic pathways underlying aroma formation during alcoholic fermentation and provides a potential framework to contribute to new strategies to optimize the aroma of wines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1195
JournalProcesses
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Aroma
  • Flux balance analysis (FBA)
  • Genome-scalemetabolicmodels
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Wine fermentation

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