Crosswind from a Single Aperture Scintillometer Using Spectral Techniques

D. van Dinther, O.K. Hartogensis, A.F. Moene

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

Abstract

In this study we are interested in obtaining the wind component perpendicular to a path, the so called crosswind, using scintillometer measurements. A scintillometer is a device that consist of a transmitter and receiver. The transmitter emits a light beam which is refracted in the turbulent atmosphere, causing light intensity fluctuations that are recorded by the receiver. A scintillometer obtains a path-averaged estimate of the crosswind. For certain applications this can be advantageous, e.g. monitoring the crosswind along airport runways. Past research mainly focused on dual aperture scintillometers that use the time delay between the two signals to estimate the crosswind (Wang et. al., 1981). In this study we use spectral techniques, which are also applicable to single aperture scintillometer measurements. The essence of the spectral techniques lie in the fact that the scintillation power spectrum shifts linearly along the frequency axes as a function of the crosswind. Therefore, a salient point in the spectrum also shift linearly across the frequency axis. Three algorithms with different salient points were used, namely the corner frequency, maximum frequency, and the cumulative spectrum algorithm, which all used different representation of the scintillation power spectrum. Clifford (1971) described a theoretical model of the scintillation spectrum. We used this model to calibrate our algorithms, instead of relying on experimental calibration. The algorithms were examined with data, of a boundary layer scintillometer and sonic anemometer, collected at the Haarweg (The Netherlands). The scintillation spectra were obtained with Fast Fourier Transformations and wavelets. Wavelets were used to obtain a well-defined spectra for short time intervals (<1 minute).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Pages6B.6
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction - Boston, United States
Duration: 9 Jul 201213 Jul 2012

Conference

Conference20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period9/07/1213/07/12

Fingerprint

scintillation counters
apertures
scintillation
transmitters
power spectra
sonic anemometers
receivers
runways
anemometers
airports
Netherlands
shift
fast Fourier transformations
estimates
light beams
luminous intensity
boundary layers
time lag
intervals
atmospheres

Cite this

van Dinther, D., Hartogensis, O. K., & Moene, A. F. (2012). Crosswind from a Single Aperture Scintillometer Using Spectral Techniques. In Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA (pp. 6B.6). American Meteorological Society.
van Dinther, D. ; Hartogensis, O.K. ; Moene, A.F. / Crosswind from a Single Aperture Scintillometer Using Spectral Techniques. Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society, 2012. pp. 6B.6
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abstract = "In this study we are interested in obtaining the wind component perpendicular to a path, the so called crosswind, using scintillometer measurements. A scintillometer is a device that consist of a transmitter and receiver. The transmitter emits a light beam which is refracted in the turbulent atmosphere, causing light intensity fluctuations that are recorded by the receiver. A scintillometer obtains a path-averaged estimate of the crosswind. For certain applications this can be advantageous, e.g. monitoring the crosswind along airport runways. Past research mainly focused on dual aperture scintillometers that use the time delay between the two signals to estimate the crosswind (Wang et. al., 1981). In this study we use spectral techniques, which are also applicable to single aperture scintillometer measurements. The essence of the spectral techniques lie in the fact that the scintillation power spectrum shifts linearly along the frequency axes as a function of the crosswind. Therefore, a salient point in the spectrum also shift linearly across the frequency axis. Three algorithms with different salient points were used, namely the corner frequency, maximum frequency, and the cumulative spectrum algorithm, which all used different representation of the scintillation power spectrum. Clifford (1971) described a theoretical model of the scintillation spectrum. We used this model to calibrate our algorithms, instead of relying on experimental calibration. The algorithms were examined with data, of a boundary layer scintillometer and sonic anemometer, collected at the Haarweg (The Netherlands). The scintillation spectra were obtained with Fast Fourier Transformations and wavelets. Wavelets were used to obtain a well-defined spectra for short time intervals (<1 minute).",
author = "{van Dinther}, D. and O.K. Hartogensis and A.F. Moene",
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van Dinther, D, Hartogensis, OK & Moene, AF 2012, Crosswind from a Single Aperture Scintillometer Using Spectral Techniques. in Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society, pp. 6B.6, 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Boston, United States, 9/07/12.

Crosswind from a Single Aperture Scintillometer Using Spectral Techniques. / van Dinther, D.; Hartogensis, O.K.; Moene, A.F.

Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society, 2012. p. 6B.6.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

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AU - van Dinther, D.

AU - Hartogensis, O.K.

AU - Moene, A.F.

N1 - recorded presentation: https://ams.confex.com/ams/20BLT18AirSea/flvgateway.cgi/id/21930?recordingid=21930

PY - 2012

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N2 - In this study we are interested in obtaining the wind component perpendicular to a path, the so called crosswind, using scintillometer measurements. A scintillometer is a device that consist of a transmitter and receiver. The transmitter emits a light beam which is refracted in the turbulent atmosphere, causing light intensity fluctuations that are recorded by the receiver. A scintillometer obtains a path-averaged estimate of the crosswind. For certain applications this can be advantageous, e.g. monitoring the crosswind along airport runways. Past research mainly focused on dual aperture scintillometers that use the time delay between the two signals to estimate the crosswind (Wang et. al., 1981). In this study we use spectral techniques, which are also applicable to single aperture scintillometer measurements. The essence of the spectral techniques lie in the fact that the scintillation power spectrum shifts linearly along the frequency axes as a function of the crosswind. Therefore, a salient point in the spectrum also shift linearly across the frequency axis. Three algorithms with different salient points were used, namely the corner frequency, maximum frequency, and the cumulative spectrum algorithm, which all used different representation of the scintillation power spectrum. Clifford (1971) described a theoretical model of the scintillation spectrum. We used this model to calibrate our algorithms, instead of relying on experimental calibration. The algorithms were examined with data, of a boundary layer scintillometer and sonic anemometer, collected at the Haarweg (The Netherlands). The scintillation spectra were obtained with Fast Fourier Transformations and wavelets. Wavelets were used to obtain a well-defined spectra for short time intervals (<1 minute).

AB - In this study we are interested in obtaining the wind component perpendicular to a path, the so called crosswind, using scintillometer measurements. A scintillometer is a device that consist of a transmitter and receiver. The transmitter emits a light beam which is refracted in the turbulent atmosphere, causing light intensity fluctuations that are recorded by the receiver. A scintillometer obtains a path-averaged estimate of the crosswind. For certain applications this can be advantageous, e.g. monitoring the crosswind along airport runways. Past research mainly focused on dual aperture scintillometers that use the time delay between the two signals to estimate the crosswind (Wang et. al., 1981). In this study we use spectral techniques, which are also applicable to single aperture scintillometer measurements. The essence of the spectral techniques lie in the fact that the scintillation power spectrum shifts linearly along the frequency axes as a function of the crosswind. Therefore, a salient point in the spectrum also shift linearly across the frequency axis. Three algorithms with different salient points were used, namely the corner frequency, maximum frequency, and the cumulative spectrum algorithm, which all used different representation of the scintillation power spectrum. Clifford (1971) described a theoretical model of the scintillation spectrum. We used this model to calibrate our algorithms, instead of relying on experimental calibration. The algorithms were examined with data, of a boundary layer scintillometer and sonic anemometer, collected at the Haarweg (The Netherlands). The scintillation spectra were obtained with Fast Fourier Transformations and wavelets. Wavelets were used to obtain a well-defined spectra for short time intervals (<1 minute).

M3 - Conference paper

SP - 6B.6

BT - Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA

PB - American Meteorological Society

ER -

van Dinther D, Hartogensis OK, Moene AF. Crosswind from a Single Aperture Scintillometer Using Spectral Techniques. In Proceedings of the 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society 09-13 July 2012, Boston, USA. American Meteorological Society. 2012. p. 6B.6