Cross-Sectional Associations of Objectively Measured Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Anthropometry in European Adults

A. Wientzek, M.J.T. Diaz, J.M.H. Castano, P. Amiano, L. Arriola, K. Overvad, J.N. Ostergaard, M.A. Charles, G. Fagherazzi, D. Palli, B. Bendinelli, G. Skeie, K.B. Borch, W. Wendel-Vos, E.L. de Hollander, A.M. May, M.E.M. den Ouden, A. Trichopoulou, E. Valanou, S. SoderbergP.W. Franks, S. Brage, M. Vigl, H. Boeing, U. Ekelund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To quantify the independent associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and anthropometry in European men and women. Methods: 2,056 volunteers from 12 centers across Europe were fitted with a heart rate and movement sensor at 2 visits 4 months apart for a total of 8 days. CRF (ml/kg/min) was estimated from an 8 minute ramped step test. A cross-sectional analysis of the independent associations between objectively measured PA (m/s(2)/d), moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (% time/d), sedentary time (% time/d), CRF, and anthropometry using sex stratified multiple linear regression was performed. Results: In mutually adjusted models, CRF, PA, and MVPA were inversely associated with all anthropometric markers in women. In men, CRF, PA, and MVPA were inversely associated with BMI, whereas only CRF was significantly associated with the other anthropometric markers. Sedentary time was positively associated with all anthropometric markers, however, after adjustment for CRF significant in women only. Conclusion: CRF, PA, MVPA, and sedentary time are differently associated with anthropometric markers in men and women. CRF appears to attenuate associations between PA, MVPA, and sedentary time. These observations may have implications for prevention of obesity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E127-E134
JournalObesity
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • activity energy-expenditure
  • body-mass index
  • heart-rate
  • abdominal obesity
  • aerobic fitness
  • weight
  • accelerometry
  • indicators
  • behaviors
  • patterns

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