Crop Systems Dynamics: an ecophysiological simulation model for genotype-by-environment interactions

X. Yin, H.H. van Laar

Research output: Book/ReportBookAcademic

119 Citations (Scopus)


This book presents a generic process-based crop growth model, GECROS (Genotype-by-Environment interaction on CROp growth Simulator), developed in Wageningen. The model uses robust yet simple algorithms to summarize the current knowledge of individual physiological processes and their interactions and feedback mechanisms. It was structured from the basics of whole-crop systems dynamics to embody the physiological causes rather than descriptive algorithms of the emergent consequences. It also attempts to model each process at a consistent level of detail, so that no area is overemphasized and similarly no area is treated in a trivial manner. Main attention has been paid to interactive aspects in crop growth such as photosynthesis-transpiration coupling via stomatal conductance, carbon-nitrogen interaction on leaf area index, functional balance between shoot and root activities, and interplay between source supply and sink demand on reserve formation and remobilization. GECROS is presented here in an open style, rather than as a ‘black-box’. Model theories are described in individual chapters, and their supporting texts (notably model derivations) are given in Appendices. The model source code, written in the simulation language FST (FORTRAN Simulation Translator), and the definition of variables are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Number of pages155
ISBN (Print)9789076998558
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • crop production
  • crop yield
  • simulation models
  • mathematical models
  • plant physiology
  • plant water relations
  • nitrogen balance
  • source sink relations
  • root shoot ratio
  • growth analysis
  • agroecology
  • ecophysiology

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