This chapter highlights benefits from crop-livestock integration for enhancing ecosystem services in smallholder agricultural systems using a case study from Zimbabwe drylands. We illustrate challenges and opportunities for ecosystem services and demonstrate how systems transformation toward greater integration of crops and livestock leads to sustainable food systems. With a perspective on ecosystem services, we not only look at agricultural productivity but also at the economic and environmental impacts, which are often unaccounted for. The study from Zimbabwe presents the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project approach, regional integrated assessment, and codesign of development pathways toward enabling effective crop-livestock integration for improving ecosystem services in sustainable food systems. Clearly, although agricultural systems are very vulnerable, there is potential for these systems to respond more favorably under sustainable development pathways. Generating these pathways and solutions with stakeholders contributes to breaking down barriers between scientists and decision makers, for faster uptake at farm and larger scale.
|Title of host publication||The Role of Ecosystem Services in Sustainable Food Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
Homann-Kee Tui, S., Valdivia, R. O., Descheemaeker, K., Senda, T., Masikati, P., Makumbe, M. T., & van Rooyen, A. F. (2020). Crop-livestock integration to enhance ecosystem services in sustainable food systems. In L. Rusinamhodzi (Ed.), The Role of Ecosystem Services in Sustainable Food Systems (pp. 141-169). Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-816436-5.00008-1