Critical loads and excess loads of cadmium, copper and lead for European forest soils

G.J. Reinds, J. Bril, W. de Vries, J.E. Groenenberg, A. Breeuwsma

    Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

    Abstract

    Recently, concern has arisen about the impact of the dispersion of heavy metals in Europe. Therefore, a study (ESQUAD) was initiated to assess critical loads and steady-state concentrations of cadmium, copper and lead for European forest soils. The calculation methods used strongly resemble those used to compute critical loads for acidifying compounds. Results show that the computed critical loads and associated excess loads for forest soils strongly depend on the threshold values chosen and on the soil phase (adsorbed/dissolved) considered. Further research is needed to improve input data and the modelling of heavy metal adsorption.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationWageningen [etc.]
    PublisherSC-DLO [etc.]
    Number of pages91
    Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Publication series

    Name
    No.96

    Keywords

    • soil
    • heavy metals
    • absorption
    • adsorption
    • forestry
    • soil chemistry
    • inorganic compounds
    • europe

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