Recently, concern has arisen about the impact of the dispersion of heavy metals in Europe. Therefore, a study (ESQUAD) was initiated to assess critical loads and steady-state concentrations of cadmium, copper and lead for European forest soils. The calculation methods used strongly resemble those used to compute critical loads for acidifying compounds. Results show that the computed critical loads and associated excess loads for forest soils strongly depend on the threshold values chosen and on the soil phase (adsorbed/dissolved) considered. Further research is needed to improve input data and the modelling of heavy metal adsorption.
|Place of Publication||Wageningen [etc.]|
|Number of pages||91|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
- heavy metals
- soil chemistry
- inorganic compounds
Reinds, G. J., Bril, J., de Vries, W., Groenenberg, J. E., & Breeuwsma, A. (1995). Critical loads and excess loads of cadmium, copper and lead for European forest soils. SC-DLO [etc.]. https://edepot.wur.nl/361897