Cost-effectiveness of measures to prevent classical swine fever introduction into The Netherlands

C.J. de Vos, H.W. Saatkamp, R.B.M. Huirne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Recent history has demonstrated that classical swine fever (CSF) epidemics can incur high economic losses, especially for exporting countries that have densely populated pig areas and apply a strategy of non-vaccination, such as The Netherlands. Introduction of CSF virus (CSFV) remains a continuing threat to the pig production sector in The Netherlands. Reducing the annual probability of CSFV introduction (PCSFV) by preventive measures is therefore of utmost importance. The choice of preventive measures depends not only on the achieved reduction of the annual PCSFV, but also on the expenditures required for implementing these measures. The objective of this study was to explore the cost-effectiveness of tactical measures aimed at the prevention of CSFV introduction into The Netherlands. For this purpose for each measure (i) model calculations were performed with a scenario tree model for CSFV introduction and (ii) its annual cost was estimated. The cost-effectiveness was then determined as the reduction of the annual PCSFV achieved by each preventive measure (¿P) divided by the annual cost of implementing that measure (¿C). The measures analysed reduce the PCSFV caused by import or export of pigs. Results showed that separation of national and international transport of pigs is the most cost-effective measure, especially when risk aversion is assumed. Although testing piglets and breeding pigs by a quick and reliable PCR also had a high cost-effectiveness ratio, this measure is not attractive due to the high cost per pig imported. Besides, implementing such a measure is not allowed under current EU law, as it is trade restrictive
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-256
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Issue number3/4
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • stochastic simulation
  • control strategies
  • wild boar
  • epidemic
  • virus
  • quantification
  • evaluate
  • disease
  • events
  • europe


Dive into the research topics of 'Cost-effectiveness of measures to prevent classical swine fever introduction into The Netherlands'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this