Cortisol induces apoptosis in activated B cells, not in other lymphoid cells of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio L.

F.A.A. Weyts, G. Flik, J.H.W.M. Rombout, B.M.L. Verburg-van Kemenade

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Abstract

In mammalian T and B cells glucocorticoids (GS) regulate development and selection through induction of apoptosis; more recently GS-induced apoptosis has also been implicated in the removal of circulating, activated T and B cells following an immune response. In an earlier report we have given the first evidence for cortisol-induced apoptosis as an immune regulator in an aquatic vertebrate, the common carp. Here we report on subpopulation-specific sensitivity of carp peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) to cortisol-induced apoptosis. B cells, the most abundant leukocyte subpopulation in fish blood, are sensitised to cortisol-induced apoptosis by activation with the mitogens LPS or PHA. Cortisol-induced apoptosis in B cells is receptor mediated as it is blocked by the synthetic GS receptor blocker RU486. In contrast to what is known for mammalian lymphocytes, apoptosis in carp T cells is hardly affected by cortisol, both in unstimulated and in PHA-stimulated cell cultures. A culture supernatant of PHA-prestimulated PBL, containing IL-2-like activity, decreased spontaneous apoptosis in both T and B cells, but did not affect cortisol-induced apoptosis in B cells. Apoptosis in thrombocytes was unaffected by either mitogens, cortisol, or lymphocyte supernatant. The difference between mammalian and fish leukocyte sensitivity to cortisol is discussed in the light of differences in the immune response of mammals and fish
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-562
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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