Correlations between Accumulation of Dianthramides, Dianthalexin and Unknown Compounds, and Partial Resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi in Eleven Carnation Cultivars

R.P. Baayen*, G.J. Niemann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The accumulation of dianthramides, dianthalexin and other phenolic compounds in carnation cells at different times before and after inoculation of plants with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi, and the development of wilt symptoms were compared for eleven carnation cultivars. Untreated and water‐treated controls contained only a little acetone‐extractable phenolics. Upon inoculation with F. oxysporum f. sp dianthi, all cultivars accumulated the same range of phenolic compounds, including several dianthramides and dianthalexin, but in different proportions. The total amount of accumulated phenolic compounds per fresh material weight of the extracted stem segments could not be related to the disease resistance level of the different cultivars. However, the accumulation of dianthramides and dianthalexin in the cultivars was positively correlated to resistance, while the accumulation of two other, as yet unidentified, compounds was inversely related to resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-292
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Phytopathology
Volume126
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1989
Externally publishedYes

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