Coping with Extreme Events: Institutional Flocking

C.S.A. van Koppen, A.P.J. Mol, J.P.M. van Tatenhove

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Recent measurements in the North Atlantic confirm that the thermohaline circulation driving the Gulf Stream has come to a stand. Oceanographic monitoring over the last 50 years already showed that the circulation was weakening. Under the influence of the large inflow of melting water in Northern Atlantic waters during last summer, it has now virtually stopped. Consequently, the KNMI and the RIVM estimate the average . In this essay we will explore how such a new risk profile affects the distribution of risks among societal groups, and the way in which governing institutions need to adapt in order to be prepared for situations of rapid but unknown change. The next section will first introduce an analytical perspective, building upon the Risk Society thesis and a proposed model of ‘institutional flocking’.temperature to decrease by 3°C in the next 15 years.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWhat if......abrupt and extreme climate change?
EditorsJ.C.J.M. van den Bergh, A.J. Dietz, C.J. Jepma, F. Langeweg
Place of PublicationDen Haag
ISBN (Print)9789077875292
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • climatic change
  • government policy
  • decision making
  • risk assessment
  • governance

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    van Koppen, C. S. A., Mol, A. P. J., & van Tatenhove, J. P. M. (2008). Coping with Extreme Events: Institutional Flocking. In J. C. J. M. van den Bergh, A. J. Dietz, C. J. Jepma, & F. Langeweg (Eds.), What if......abrupt and extreme climate change? (pp. 45-64). NWO.