Cooling Urban Water Environments: Design Prototypes for Design Professionals

J. Cortesão, S. Lenzholzer, Lisette Klok, C.M.J. Jacobs, Jeroen Kluck

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents five design prototypes for cool urban water environments developed in the 'Really cooling water bodies in cities' (REALCOOL) project. The REALCOOL prototypes address an urgent need: urban water bodies, such as ponds or canals, are often assumed to cool down their surroundings during days with heat stress, whereas recent research shows that this is not always the case and that urban water bodies may actually have warming effects too. There are, however, indications that shading, vaporising water, and proper ventilation can keep water bodies and their surroundings cooler. Yet, it is necessary to explore how these strategies can be optimally combined and how the resulting design guidelines can be communicated to design professionals. The REALCOOL prototypes communicate the spatial layout and biometeorological effects of such combinations and assist design decisions dealing with urban water environments. The micrometeorological simulations with Envi­met showed that the prototypes led to local reductions on daytime PET from 1 °C to 7 °C, upon introducing shade. Water mist and fountains were also cooling solutions. The important role of ventilation was confirmed. The paper discusses and concludes about the use of the prototypes as tools for urban design practice.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPLEA 2018: Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Dec 10-12, 2018, Hong Kong, China
EditorsEdward Ng, Square Fong, Chao Ren
PublisherPLEA
Pages520-525
Number of pages6
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9789628272365
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventPLEA 2018: Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit: 34th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture - Hong Kong, China
Duration: 10 Dec 201812 Dec 2018

Conference

ConferencePLEA 2018: Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit
CountryChina
CityHong Kong
Period10/12/1812/12/18

Keywords

  • Urban Heat
  • Research Through Design
  • Prototype
  • Water bodies
  • Thermal sensation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cooling Urban Water Environments: Design Prototypes for Design Professionals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this