Control of seed-borne pathogens on legumes by microbial and other alternative seed treatments

F. Tinivella, L.M. Hirata, M.A. Celan, S.A.I. Wright, T. Amein, A. Schmitt, J.M. van der Wolf, E. Koch, S.P.C. Groot

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    35 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Greenhouse trials were carried out in order to test the efficacy of different seed treatments as alternatives to chemicals against Colletotrichum lindemuthianum cause of anthracnose on bean and Ascochyta spp. cause of Ascochyta blights on pea, respectively. Resistance inducers, commercially formulated microorganisms, non-formulated selected strains of different microorganisms (fungi, bacteria and yeasts) and plant extracts were applied as dry or liquid seed treatments on naturally infested seeds. Seedling emergence and disease incidence and/or severity were recorded. Almost all seed treatments turned out to be ineffective in controlling the Ascochyta infections, which is in line with the literature stating that these pathogens are difficult to control. The only alternative treatments that gave some control of Ascochyta spp. were thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea. The resistance inducers tested successfully controlled infections of bean by C. lindemuthianum. Among the formulated microorganisms, Bacillus subtilis-based formulations provided the best protection from anthracnose. Some strains of Pseudomonas putida, a disease-suppressive, saprophytic strain of Fusarium oxysporum and the mustard powder-based product Tillecur also proved to be effective against bean anthracnose. However, among the resistance inducers as well as among the other groups, certain agents caused a significant reduction of plant emergence. Different alternative seed treatments can therefore be used for the control of C. lindemuthianum on bean, while on pea only thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea showed some effectiveness against Ascochyta spp.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)139-151
    JournalEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
    Volume123
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    Ascochyta
    seed treatment
    Colletotrichum lindemuthianum
    legumes
    Clonostachys rosea
    anthracnose
    beans
    pathogens
    seeds
    thyme
    microorganisms
    peas
    seedling diseases
    oils
    Pseudomonas putida
    yeast extract
    mustard (condiment)
    Fusarium oxysporum
    seedling emergence
    plant extracts

    Keywords

    • colletotrichum lindemuthianum
    • plant protection
    • biological control
    • plant extracts
    • ascochyta
    • integrated pest management
    • organic farming
    • seed treatment
    • growth-promoting rhizobacteria
    • systemic resistance
    • powdery mildew
    • clonostachys-rosea
    • fusarium-culmorum
    • bacillus-subtilis
    • salicylic-acid
    • root-rot
    • biocontrol
    • diseases

    Cite this

    Tinivella, F. ; Hirata, L.M. ; Celan, M.A. ; Wright, S.A.I. ; Amein, T. ; Schmitt, A. ; van der Wolf, J.M. ; Koch, E. ; Groot, S.P.C. / Control of seed-borne pathogens on legumes by microbial and other alternative seed treatments. In: European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2009 ; Vol. 123, No. 2. pp. 139-151.
    @article{6e03479769b64b6fab3051d2fe1e26ce,
    title = "Control of seed-borne pathogens on legumes by microbial and other alternative seed treatments",
    abstract = "Greenhouse trials were carried out in order to test the efficacy of different seed treatments as alternatives to chemicals against Colletotrichum lindemuthianum cause of anthracnose on bean and Ascochyta spp. cause of Ascochyta blights on pea, respectively. Resistance inducers, commercially formulated microorganisms, non-formulated selected strains of different microorganisms (fungi, bacteria and yeasts) and plant extracts were applied as dry or liquid seed treatments on naturally infested seeds. Seedling emergence and disease incidence and/or severity were recorded. Almost all seed treatments turned out to be ineffective in controlling the Ascochyta infections, which is in line with the literature stating that these pathogens are difficult to control. The only alternative treatments that gave some control of Ascochyta spp. were thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea. The resistance inducers tested successfully controlled infections of bean by C. lindemuthianum. Among the formulated microorganisms, Bacillus subtilis-based formulations provided the best protection from anthracnose. Some strains of Pseudomonas putida, a disease-suppressive, saprophytic strain of Fusarium oxysporum and the mustard powder-based product Tillecur also proved to be effective against bean anthracnose. However, among the resistance inducers as well as among the other groups, certain agents caused a significant reduction of plant emergence. Different alternative seed treatments can therefore be used for the control of C. lindemuthianum on bean, while on pea only thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea showed some effectiveness against Ascochyta spp.",
    keywords = "colletotrichum lindemuthianum, gewasbescherming, biologische bestrijding, plantextracten, ascochyta, ge{\"i}ntegreerde plagenbestrijding, biologische landbouw, zaadbehandeling, colletotrichum lindemuthianum, plant protection, biological control, plant extracts, ascochyta, integrated pest management, organic farming, seed treatment, growth-promoting rhizobacteria, systemic resistance, powdery mildew, clonostachys-rosea, fusarium-culmorum, bacillus-subtilis, salicylic-acid, root-rot, biocontrol, diseases",
    author = "F. Tinivella and L.M. Hirata and M.A. Celan and S.A.I. Wright and T. Amein and A. Schmitt and {van der Wolf}, J.M. and E. Koch and S.P.C. Groot",
    year = "2009",
    doi = "10.1007/s10658-008-9349-3",
    language = "English",
    volume = "123",
    pages = "139--151",
    journal = "European Journal of Plant Pathology",
    issn = "0929-1873",
    publisher = "Springer Verlag",
    number = "2",

    }

    Control of seed-borne pathogens on legumes by microbial and other alternative seed treatments. / Tinivella, F.; Hirata, L.M.; Celan, M.A.; Wright, S.A.I.; Amein, T.; Schmitt, A.; van der Wolf, J.M.; Koch, E.; Groot, S.P.C.

    In: European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 123, No. 2, 2009, p. 139-151.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Control of seed-borne pathogens on legumes by microbial and other alternative seed treatments

    AU - Tinivella, F.

    AU - Hirata, L.M.

    AU - Celan, M.A.

    AU - Wright, S.A.I.

    AU - Amein, T.

    AU - Schmitt, A.

    AU - van der Wolf, J.M.

    AU - Koch, E.

    AU - Groot, S.P.C.

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Greenhouse trials were carried out in order to test the efficacy of different seed treatments as alternatives to chemicals against Colletotrichum lindemuthianum cause of anthracnose on bean and Ascochyta spp. cause of Ascochyta blights on pea, respectively. Resistance inducers, commercially formulated microorganisms, non-formulated selected strains of different microorganisms (fungi, bacteria and yeasts) and plant extracts were applied as dry or liquid seed treatments on naturally infested seeds. Seedling emergence and disease incidence and/or severity were recorded. Almost all seed treatments turned out to be ineffective in controlling the Ascochyta infections, which is in line with the literature stating that these pathogens are difficult to control. The only alternative treatments that gave some control of Ascochyta spp. were thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea. The resistance inducers tested successfully controlled infections of bean by C. lindemuthianum. Among the formulated microorganisms, Bacillus subtilis-based formulations provided the best protection from anthracnose. Some strains of Pseudomonas putida, a disease-suppressive, saprophytic strain of Fusarium oxysporum and the mustard powder-based product Tillecur also proved to be effective against bean anthracnose. However, among the resistance inducers as well as among the other groups, certain agents caused a significant reduction of plant emergence. Different alternative seed treatments can therefore be used for the control of C. lindemuthianum on bean, while on pea only thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea showed some effectiveness against Ascochyta spp.

    AB - Greenhouse trials were carried out in order to test the efficacy of different seed treatments as alternatives to chemicals against Colletotrichum lindemuthianum cause of anthracnose on bean and Ascochyta spp. cause of Ascochyta blights on pea, respectively. Resistance inducers, commercially formulated microorganisms, non-formulated selected strains of different microorganisms (fungi, bacteria and yeasts) and plant extracts were applied as dry or liquid seed treatments on naturally infested seeds. Seedling emergence and disease incidence and/or severity were recorded. Almost all seed treatments turned out to be ineffective in controlling the Ascochyta infections, which is in line with the literature stating that these pathogens are difficult to control. The only alternative treatments that gave some control of Ascochyta spp. were thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea. The resistance inducers tested successfully controlled infections of bean by C. lindemuthianum. Among the formulated microorganisms, Bacillus subtilis-based formulations provided the best protection from anthracnose. Some strains of Pseudomonas putida, a disease-suppressive, saprophytic strain of Fusarium oxysporum and the mustard powder-based product Tillecur also proved to be effective against bean anthracnose. However, among the resistance inducers as well as among the other groups, certain agents caused a significant reduction of plant emergence. Different alternative seed treatments can therefore be used for the control of C. lindemuthianum on bean, while on pea only thyme oil and a strain of Clonostachys rosea showed some effectiveness against Ascochyta spp.

    KW - colletotrichum lindemuthianum

    KW - gewasbescherming

    KW - biologische bestrijding

    KW - plantextracten

    KW - ascochyta

    KW - geïntegreerde plagenbestrijding

    KW - biologische landbouw

    KW - zaadbehandeling

    KW - colletotrichum lindemuthianum

    KW - plant protection

    KW - biological control

    KW - plant extracts

    KW - ascochyta

    KW - integrated pest management

    KW - organic farming

    KW - seed treatment

    KW - growth-promoting rhizobacteria

    KW - systemic resistance

    KW - powdery mildew

    KW - clonostachys-rosea

    KW - fusarium-culmorum

    KW - bacillus-subtilis

    KW - salicylic-acid

    KW - root-rot

    KW - biocontrol

    KW - diseases

    U2 - 10.1007/s10658-008-9349-3

    DO - 10.1007/s10658-008-9349-3

    M3 - Article

    VL - 123

    SP - 139

    EP - 151

    JO - European Journal of Plant Pathology

    JF - European Journal of Plant Pathology

    SN - 0929-1873

    IS - 2

    ER -