Continuous xylose fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum - Assessment of solventogenic kinetics

Alessandra Procentese, Francesca Raganati, Giuseppe Olivieri*, Maria Elena Russo, Piero Salatino, Antonio Marzocchella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work deals with the specific butanol production rate of Clostridium acetobutylicum using xylose - a relevant fraction of lignocellulosic feedstock for biofuel production - as carbon source. The tests were carried out in a CSTR equipped with a microfiltration unit. The dilution rate (D) ranged between 0.02 and 0.22h-1 and the ratio R between the permeate stream rate and the stream fed to the reactor ranged between 14% and 88%. The biomass present in the broth was identified as a heterogeneous cell population consisting of: acidogenic cells, solventogenic cells and spores. The results were processed to assess the concentration of acidogenic cells, solventogenic cells and spores. The specific butanol production rate was also assessed. The max butanol productivity was 1.3 gL-1h-1 at D=0.17h-1 and R=30%. A comparison between the results reported in a previous work carried out with lactose was made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-148
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume192
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Butanol
  • Clostridium acetobutylicum
  • Kinetic model
  • Solventogenesis
  • Xylose

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