Construction of reference chromosome-scale pseudomolecules for potato: integrating the potato genome with genetic and physical maps

S.K. Sharma, D. Bolser, J.M. de Boer, R.G.F. Visser, C.W.B. Bachem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

148 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The genome of potato, a major global food crop, was recently sequenced. The work presented here details the integration of the potato reference genome (DM) with a new STS marker based linkage map and other physical and genetic maps of potato and the closely related species tomato. Primary anchoring of the DM genome assembly was accomplished using a diploid segregating population, which was genotyped with several types of molecular genetic markers to construct a new ~936 cM linkage map comprising 2,469 marker loci. In silico anchoring approaches employed genetic and physical maps from the diploid potato genotype RH and tomato. This combined approach has allowed 951 superscaffolds to be ordered into pseudomolecules corresponding to the 12 potato chromosomes. These pseudomolecules represent 674 Mb (~93%) of the 723 Mb genome assembly and 37,482 (~96%) of the 39,031 predicted genes. The superscaffold order and orientation within the pseudomolecules is closely collinear with independently constructed high density linkage maps. Comparisons between marker distribution and physical location reveal regions of greater and lesser recombination, as well as regions exhibiting significant segregation distortion. The work presented here has led to a greatly improved ordering of the potato reference genome superscaffolds into chromosomal 'pseudomolecules'.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2031-2047
JournalG3 : Genes Genomes Genetics
Volume3
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • tomato genome
  • sequence
  • dna
  • microsatellites
  • identification
  • centromeres
  • solanaceae
  • evolution

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