Construction of chromosomal recombination maps of three genomes of lilies (Lilium) based on GISH analysis.

M. Nadeem Khan, Shujun Zhou, R. Barba Gonzalez, M.S. Ramanna, R.G.F. Visser, J.M. van Tuyl

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromosomal recombination maps were constructed for three genomes of lily (Lilium) using GISH analyses. For this purpose, the backcross (BC) progenies of two diploid (2n = 2x = 24) interspecific hybrids of lily, viz. Longiflorum × Asiatic (LA) and Oriental × Asiatic (OA), were used. Mostly the BC progenies of LA hybrids consisted of both triploid (2n = 3x = 36) and diploid (2n = 2x = 24) with some aneuploid genotypes and those of OA hybrids consisted of triploid (2n = 3x = 36) and some aneuploid genotypes. In all cases, it was possible to identify the homoeologous recombinant chromosomes as well as accurately count the number of crossover points, which are called ¿recombination sites¿. Recombination sites were estimated in the BC progeny of 71 LA and 41 OA genotypes. In the case of BC progenies of LA hybrids, 248 recombination sites were cytologically localized on 12 different chromosomes of each genome (i.e., L and A). Similarly, 116 recombinant sites were localized on the 12 chromosomes each from the BC progenies of OA hybrids (O and A genomes). Cytological maps were constructed on the basis of the percentages of distances (micrometres) of the recombination sites from the centromeres. Since an Asiatic parent was involved in both hybrids, viz. LA and OA, two maps were constructed for the A genome that were indicated as Asiatic (L) and Asiatic (O). The other two maps were Longiflorum (A) and Oriental (A). Remarkably, the recombination sites were highly unevenly distributed among the different chromosomes of all four maps. Because the recombination sites can be unequivocally identified through GISH, they serve as reliable landmarks and pave the way for assigning molecular markers or desirable genes to chromosomes of Lilium and also monitor introgression of alien segments
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-251
JournalGenome
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • in-situ hybridization
  • genetic-linkage maps
  • nuclear-dna amounts
  • x asiatic hybrids
  • translocation breakpoints
  • intergenomic recombination
  • homoeologous recombination
  • sexual polyploidization
  • interspecific hybrids
  • arabidopsis-thaliana

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