Constraints in the restoration of ecological diversity in grassland and heathland communities

J.P. Bakker, F. Berendse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

630 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Species-rich grassland and heathland communities still occur in low- intensity farming systems in many European countries. Gradually, such systems have either been abandoned or more intensively exploited, with a subsequent decrease in species numbers. Until recently, it was thought that restoration of these communities would be straightforward. However, abiotic constraints (with respect to eutrophication and acidification) have hampered restoration more than previously thought. Moreover, very recent research has revealed that biotic constraints can also be important: many plant species are not present in the soil seed bank and their dispersal is limited in the present fragmented landscape.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-68
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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