Constitutive dechlorination of chlorinated ethenes by a methanol degrading methanogenic consortium

M.H.A. van Eekert, T.J. Schroder, A. van Rhee, A.J.M. Stams, G. Schraa, J.A. Field

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability of granular methanogenic sludge to dechlorinate chloroethenes was investigated with unadapted sludge from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor fed with methanol. The sludge degraded chlorinated ethenes, but the degradation rates were low. The addition of primary substrate was necessary to sustain dechlorination. The dechlorinating activity seemed to be constitutively present in the anaerobic bacteria. Usually, one chlorine atom was removed via reductive hydrogenolysis. Only trichloroethene (TCE) was converted to substantial amounts of vinylchloride (VC). 1,1-Dichloroethene (1,1DCE) was observed to be an important intermediate in the dechlorination by unadapted granular sludge, although previously this compound had not been commonly observed. Furthermore, the dechlorination of 1,1DCE was faster than the dechlorination of the other chloroethenes. Copyright ? 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. The ability of granular methanogenic sludge to dechlorinate chloroethenes was investigated with unadapted sludge from an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor fed with methanol. The sludge degraded chlorinated ethenes, but the degradation rates were low. The addition of primary substrate was necessary to sustain dechlorination. The dechlorinating activity seemed to be constitutively present in the anaerobic bacteria. Usually, one chlorine atom was removed via reductive hydrogenolysis. Only trichloroethene (TCE) was converted to substantial amounts of vinylchloride (VC). 1,1-Dichloroethene (1,1DCE) was observed to be an important intermediate in the dechlorination by unadapted granular sludge, although previously this compound had not been commonly observed. Furthermore, the dechlorination of 1,1DCE was faster than the dechlorination of the other chloroethenes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-170
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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