Conserving Conflict? Transfrontier Conservation, Development Discourses and Local Conflict Between South Africa and Lesotho

Julia M. Wittmayer, Bram Büscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes and analyses how discourses of conservation and development as well as migrant labour practices can be understood as transnational dynamics that both cement and complicate transnational relations. It also looks into how these dynamics articulate with, shape and are being shaped by 'the local'. Focusing on the north-eastern boundary of Lesotho in the area of the 'Maloti-Drakensberg transfrontier conservation and development project', we show how conflictual situations put the ethnographic spotlight on the ways in which 'local people' in Lesotho deal with dual forces of localisation and transnationalisation. We argue that they accommodate, even appropriate, these dual pressures by adopting an increasingly flexible stance in terms of identity, alliances, livelihood options and discourses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-773
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Ecology
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ecotourism
  • Lesotho
  • Local identities, livelihoods and alliances
  • South Africa
  • Transfrontier Conservation and Development Areas

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