Conquering the state and subordinating society under AKP rule

a Kurdish perspective on the development of a new autocracy in Turkey

Joost Jongerden*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The 2016 post-coup attempt measures in Turkey have been evaluated as a process of backsliding on civic rights and freedoms. This contribution takes a slightly different approach. The so-called ‘democratic breakdown’ or ‘backsliding’ in rights and the rule of law should not be regarded as a (mere) attribute of the post-coup aftermath. The idea that a process of democratization in Turkey derailed or became disrupted after the coup only feeds the myth that there had been such a process of pre-coup democratization. In this article, it is argued that the reforms often held up as a ‘democratization’ were rather instruments opportunistically employed in the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (Justice and Development Party, AKP) struggle to conquer the state, to take it from a Kemalist elite and to roll back and contain a Kurdish movement that made pleas for a pluralistic citizenship and the strengthening of civil rights. These have now morphed into an overt authoritarianism, in which a regime of exceptions, not unknown to the Kurds and the Kurdistan region in Turkey, has become the norm, the particular generalized. This is what is referred to here as an ‘organizational coup’.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-273
JournalJournal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies
Volume21
Issue number3
Early online date6 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Fingerprint

dictatorship
democratization
Turkey
Kurdistan
Kurd
authoritarianism
civil rights
constitutional state
myth
citizenship
elite
justice
regime
reform
Society
Coup
Autocracy
Democratization

Cite this

@article{8ab2de2a537a473bb5091e078f56af8c,
title = "Conquering the state and subordinating society under AKP rule: a Kurdish perspective on the development of a new autocracy in Turkey",
abstract = "The 2016 post-coup attempt measures in Turkey have been evaluated as a process of backsliding on civic rights and freedoms. This contribution takes a slightly different approach. The so-called ‘democratic breakdown’ or ‘backsliding’ in rights and the rule of law should not be regarded as a (mere) attribute of the post-coup aftermath. The idea that a process of democratization in Turkey derailed or became disrupted after the coup only feeds the myth that there had been such a process of pre-coup democratization. In this article, it is argued that the reforms often held up as a ‘democratization’ were rather instruments opportunistically employed in the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (Justice and Development Party, AKP) struggle to conquer the state, to take it from a Kemalist elite and to roll back and contain a Kurdish movement that made pleas for a pluralistic citizenship and the strengthening of civil rights. These have now morphed into an overt authoritarianism, in which a regime of exceptions, not unknown to the Kurds and the Kurdistan region in Turkey, has become the norm, the particular generalized. This is what is referred to here as an ‘organizational coup’.",
author = "Joost Jongerden",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1080/19448953.2018.1497751",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "260--273",
journal = "Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies",
issn = "1944-8953",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "3",

}

Conquering the state and subordinating society under AKP rule : a Kurdish perspective on the development of a new autocracy in Turkey. / Jongerden, Joost.

In: Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 21, No. 3, 03.2019, p. 260-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conquering the state and subordinating society under AKP rule

T2 - a Kurdish perspective on the development of a new autocracy in Turkey

AU - Jongerden, Joost

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - The 2016 post-coup attempt measures in Turkey have been evaluated as a process of backsliding on civic rights and freedoms. This contribution takes a slightly different approach. The so-called ‘democratic breakdown’ or ‘backsliding’ in rights and the rule of law should not be regarded as a (mere) attribute of the post-coup aftermath. The idea that a process of democratization in Turkey derailed or became disrupted after the coup only feeds the myth that there had been such a process of pre-coup democratization. In this article, it is argued that the reforms often held up as a ‘democratization’ were rather instruments opportunistically employed in the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (Justice and Development Party, AKP) struggle to conquer the state, to take it from a Kemalist elite and to roll back and contain a Kurdish movement that made pleas for a pluralistic citizenship and the strengthening of civil rights. These have now morphed into an overt authoritarianism, in which a regime of exceptions, not unknown to the Kurds and the Kurdistan region in Turkey, has become the norm, the particular generalized. This is what is referred to here as an ‘organizational coup’.

AB - The 2016 post-coup attempt measures in Turkey have been evaluated as a process of backsliding on civic rights and freedoms. This contribution takes a slightly different approach. The so-called ‘democratic breakdown’ or ‘backsliding’ in rights and the rule of law should not be regarded as a (mere) attribute of the post-coup aftermath. The idea that a process of democratization in Turkey derailed or became disrupted after the coup only feeds the myth that there had been such a process of pre-coup democratization. In this article, it is argued that the reforms often held up as a ‘democratization’ were rather instruments opportunistically employed in the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (Justice and Development Party, AKP) struggle to conquer the state, to take it from a Kemalist elite and to roll back and contain a Kurdish movement that made pleas for a pluralistic citizenship and the strengthening of civil rights. These have now morphed into an overt authoritarianism, in which a regime of exceptions, not unknown to the Kurds and the Kurdistan region in Turkey, has become the norm, the particular generalized. This is what is referred to here as an ‘organizational coup’.

U2 - 10.1080/19448953.2018.1497751

DO - 10.1080/19448953.2018.1497751

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 260

EP - 273

JO - Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies

JF - Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies

SN - 1944-8953

IS - 3

ER -