Conflict in Protected Areas: Who Says Co-Management Does Not Work?

Kobe De Pourcq, Evert Thomas, B.J.M. Arts, Tomas Léon-Sicard, Patrick Van Damme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Natural resource-related conflicts can be extremely destructive and undermine environmental protection. Since the 1990s co-management schemes, whereby the management of resources is shared by public and/or private sector stakeholders, have been a main strategy for reducing these conflicts worldwide. Despite initial high hopes, in recent years co-management has been perceived as falling short of expectations. However, systematic assessments of its role in conflict prevention or mitigation are non-existent. Interviews with 584
residents from ten protected areas in Colombia revealed that co-management can be successful in reducing conflict at grassroots level, as long as some critical enabling conditions, such as effective participation in the co-management process, are fulfilled not only on paper but also by praxis. We hope these findings will re-incentivize global efforts to make co-management work in protected areas and other common pool resource contexts, such as fisheries,
agriculture, forestry and water management.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0144943
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 2015

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