Conducting model ecosystem studies in tropical climate zones: lessons learned from Thailand and way forward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little research has been done so far into the environmental fate and side effects of pesticides in the tropics. In addition, those studies conducted in tropical regions have focused almost exclusively on single species laboratory tests. Hence, fate and effects of pesticides on higher-tier levels have barely been studied under tropical conditions. To address this lack of knowledge, four outdoor aquatic model ecosystem experiments using two different test systems were conducted in Thailand evaluating the insecticide chlorpyrifos, the herbicide linuron and the fungicide carbendazim. Results of these experiments and comparisons of recorded fate and effects with temperate studies have been published previously. The present paper discusses the pros and cons of the methodologies applied and provides indications for i) possible improvements; ii) important aspects that should be considered when performing model ecosystem experiments in the tropics; iii) future research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-946
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume159
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Tropical Climate
Thailand
Pesticides
Ecosystems
Ecosystem
Fungicides
Tropics
Linuron
Chlorpyrifos
Herbicides
Insecticides
Experiments
Research

Keywords

  • fresh-water microcosms
  • sahelian temporary ponds
  • fungicide carbendazim
  • insecticide chlorpyrifos
  • cyanobacterial dominance
  • risk-assessment
  • zooplankton
  • invertebrates
  • impact
  • macroinvertebrates

Cite this

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title = "Conducting model ecosystem studies in tropical climate zones: lessons learned from Thailand and way forward",
abstract = "Little research has been done so far into the environmental fate and side effects of pesticides in the tropics. In addition, those studies conducted in tropical regions have focused almost exclusively on single species laboratory tests. Hence, fate and effects of pesticides on higher-tier levels have barely been studied under tropical conditions. To address this lack of knowledge, four outdoor aquatic model ecosystem experiments using two different test systems were conducted in Thailand evaluating the insecticide chlorpyrifos, the herbicide linuron and the fungicide carbendazim. Results of these experiments and comparisons of recorded fate and effects with temperate studies have been published previously. The present paper discusses the pros and cons of the methodologies applied and provides indications for i) possible improvements; ii) important aspects that should be considered when performing model ecosystem experiments in the tropics; iii) future research.",
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Conducting model ecosystem studies in tropical climate zones: lessons learned from Thailand and way forward. / Daam, M.A.; van den Brink, P.J.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 159, No. 4, 2011, p. 940-946.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Daam, M.A.

AU - van den Brink, P.J.

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KW - sahelian temporary ponds

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KW - insecticide chlorpyrifos

KW - cyanobacterial dominance

KW - risk-assessment

KW - zooplankton

KW - invertebrates

KW - impact

KW - macroinvertebrates

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