Conceptual analysis of the non-stationarity of wind fields in the CBL

J.S. Schröter, A.F. Moene, A.A.M. Holtslag

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

Abstract

Non-local transport and entrainment due to large rising thermals are typical and dominant features of the Convective Boundary Layer (CBL). For heat and scalar fluxes this is generally accepted implying that local diffusion alone is not an appropriate concept. To account for these effects different parameterizations, such as counter-Gradient (CG) and explicit entrainment schemes have been developed. Most recently also Mass Flux (MF) concepts, which primarily have been used for cumulus parameterizations, have been adapted highly successfully for the dry CBL. Such MF schemes were shown to be capable of simulating both non-local transport as well as entrainment. In the case of momentum transport, however, the role of non local-effects is not well understood. In atmospheric models momentum transport in the sub grid scale is mostly treated as a pure local diffusion process, which leads to systematic errors in the simulated wind fields. Investigation of Large Eddy Simulation (LES) results and observations indicate that non-local effects are also important for the transport of momentum. A deeper understanding of these processes is still missing and no consensus exists in the literature to what extent turbulent transport of momentum in the CBL could also be interpreted in a mass-flux-framework. In the present study we analyze LES data of dry CBLs with vertical wind shear and we investigate similarities and differences between the turbulent transport processes of thermodynamic variables, scalars and horizontal momentum. As such we analyze the momentum budget of updrafts and evaluate the potential of different mass flux formulations to account for momentum transport associated with large convective structures in the CBL.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Stockholm, Sweden, 9 - 13 June, 2008
Place of PublicationBoston
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Pages6A.4
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Event18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence -
Duration: 9 Jun 200813 Jun 2008

Conference

Conference18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence
Period9/06/0813/06/08

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convective boundary layer
wind field
momentum
entrainment
large eddy simulation
parameterization
updraft
wind shear
cumulus
analysis
transport process
thermodynamics
effect

Cite this

Schröter, J. S., Moene, A. F., & Holtslag, A. A. M. (2008). Conceptual analysis of the non-stationarity of wind fields in the CBL. In 18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Stockholm, Sweden, 9 - 13 June, 2008 (pp. 6A.4). Boston: American Meteorological Society.
Schröter, J.S. ; Moene, A.F. ; Holtslag, A.A.M. / Conceptual analysis of the non-stationarity of wind fields in the CBL. 18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Stockholm, Sweden, 9 - 13 June, 2008. Boston : American Meteorological Society, 2008. pp. 6A.4
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Schröter, JS, Moene, AF & Holtslag, AAM 2008, Conceptual analysis of the non-stationarity of wind fields in the CBL. in 18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Stockholm, Sweden, 9 - 13 June, 2008. American Meteorological Society, Boston, pp. 6A.4, 18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 9/06/08.

Conceptual analysis of the non-stationarity of wind fields in the CBL. / Schröter, J.S.; Moene, A.F.; Holtslag, A.A.M.

18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Stockholm, Sweden, 9 - 13 June, 2008. Boston : American Meteorological Society, 2008. p. 6A.4.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademic

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T1 - Conceptual analysis of the non-stationarity of wind fields in the CBL

AU - Schröter, J.S.

AU - Moene, A.F.

AU - Holtslag, A.A.M.

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Y1 - 2008

N2 - Non-local transport and entrainment due to large rising thermals are typical and dominant features of the Convective Boundary Layer (CBL). For heat and scalar fluxes this is generally accepted implying that local diffusion alone is not an appropriate concept. To account for these effects different parameterizations, such as counter-Gradient (CG) and explicit entrainment schemes have been developed. Most recently also Mass Flux (MF) concepts, which primarily have been used for cumulus parameterizations, have been adapted highly successfully for the dry CBL. Such MF schemes were shown to be capable of simulating both non-local transport as well as entrainment. In the case of momentum transport, however, the role of non local-effects is not well understood. In atmospheric models momentum transport in the sub grid scale is mostly treated as a pure local diffusion process, which leads to systematic errors in the simulated wind fields. Investigation of Large Eddy Simulation (LES) results and observations indicate that non-local effects are also important for the transport of momentum. A deeper understanding of these processes is still missing and no consensus exists in the literature to what extent turbulent transport of momentum in the CBL could also be interpreted in a mass-flux-framework. In the present study we analyze LES data of dry CBLs with vertical wind shear and we investigate similarities and differences between the turbulent transport processes of thermodynamic variables, scalars and horizontal momentum. As such we analyze the momentum budget of updrafts and evaluate the potential of different mass flux formulations to account for momentum transport associated with large convective structures in the CBL.

AB - Non-local transport and entrainment due to large rising thermals are typical and dominant features of the Convective Boundary Layer (CBL). For heat and scalar fluxes this is generally accepted implying that local diffusion alone is not an appropriate concept. To account for these effects different parameterizations, such as counter-Gradient (CG) and explicit entrainment schemes have been developed. Most recently also Mass Flux (MF) concepts, which primarily have been used for cumulus parameterizations, have been adapted highly successfully for the dry CBL. Such MF schemes were shown to be capable of simulating both non-local transport as well as entrainment. In the case of momentum transport, however, the role of non local-effects is not well understood. In atmospheric models momentum transport in the sub grid scale is mostly treated as a pure local diffusion process, which leads to systematic errors in the simulated wind fields. Investigation of Large Eddy Simulation (LES) results and observations indicate that non-local effects are also important for the transport of momentum. A deeper understanding of these processes is still missing and no consensus exists in the literature to what extent turbulent transport of momentum in the CBL could also be interpreted in a mass-flux-framework. In the present study we analyze LES data of dry CBLs with vertical wind shear and we investigate similarities and differences between the turbulent transport processes of thermodynamic variables, scalars and horizontal momentum. As such we analyze the momentum budget of updrafts and evaluate the potential of different mass flux formulations to account for momentum transport associated with large convective structures in the CBL.

M3 - Conference paper

SP - 6A.4

BT - 18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Stockholm, Sweden, 9 - 13 June, 2008

PB - American Meteorological Society

CY - Boston

ER -

Schröter JS, Moene AF, Holtslag AAM. Conceptual analysis of the non-stationarity of wind fields in the CBL. In 18th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Stockholm, Sweden, 9 - 13 June, 2008. Boston: American Meteorological Society. 2008. p. 6A.4